MAHATMA GANDHI MEDIA AND RESEARCH SERVICE

Chronology of the life and work of Mahatma Gandhi (Ghandi)

1948

1948

January

1

Gandhi had talks with  Amrit Kaur, Anantrai Pattani, Gyani Kartarsingh and Sardar Dilip Singh.

1948

January

1

In his address at  prayer meeting appealed to Government to enforce prohibition.

1948

January

1

Government of India  took over administration of 25 Orissa States.

1948

January

2

Kashmir issue referred  to united Nations Security Council.

1948

January

2

Gandhi had talks with  Dev Prakash Nayyar, Chandrani and Jawaharlal Nehru.

1948

January

2

Addressed prayer  meeting.

1948

January

3

Had talks with  Rajendra Prasad, Jawaharlal Nehru, Amrit Kaur and Maulanas.

1948

January

3

Addressed prayer  meeting at Wavell Canteen refugee camp.

1948

January

3

Provisional Government  of Junagadh dissolved.

1948

January

4

Gandhi had talks with  Rajendra Prasad, Pandit Sundarlal, Zakir Husain, Jawaharlal Nehru and Muslim leaders.

1948

January

4

In his address at  prayer meeting justified Government of India having taken Kashmir issue to United Nations  Security Council.

1948

January

4

Free Republic of Burma  proclaimed.

1948

January

5

Gandhi had talks with  Munnalal G. Shah, Subhadra Gupta, Jawaharlal Nehru and Maulanas.

1948

January

5

In his written speech  for prayer meeting commented on decontrol of food.

1948

January

6

Met Khurshed naoroji,  Krishnan Nair, Raja and rani of Mandi, rameshwari nehru and Brijlal Nehru.

1948

January

6

Had talk with  Jawaharlal Nehru.

1948

January

6

In addressed at prayer  meeting advised dock workers in Bombay against going on strike.

1948

January

6

U.N. Security Council  adjourned hearing on Kashmir issue.

1948

January

6

Sikh refugees in  Gurudwara in Karachi attacked by Muslim mob.

1948

January

7

Gandhi had talks with  Gopalaswamy Ayyangar, M.S. Aney, Abdul Ghani, Rameshwari Nehru and Mridula Sarabhai.

1948

January

7

Met people from  Punjab, Sindh and N.W.F.P.

1948

January

7

In speech at prayer  meeting, remonstrated with pakistan Government about incident in Karachi.

1948

January

8

Had talks with D.B.  Kalelkar, J.B. Kripalani, Sucheta Kripalani, Kikibehn, rukmini Erulkar, Vallabhbhai Patel,  Anantrai Pattani, A.V. Thakkar, Dr. Kitchlew, Sheikh Abdullah and Jawaharlal Nehru.

1948

January

8

In his speech at  prayer meeting advised students not to go on strike.

1948

January

9

Had talks with  Vallabhbhai Patel, Manubhai Pancholi, Balwantrai Mehta, Mohanbhai Motichand Gadhadawala,  Sriman Narayan, Jawaharlal Nehru and Rameshwari Nehru.

1948

January

9

Addressed prayer  meeting.

1948

January

10

Had talks with  Anantrai Pattani, N.V. Gadgil, Iranian Ambassador and Jawaharlal Nehru.

1948

January

10

In prayer speech  assured evacuation of refugees from Bahawalpur.

1948

January

11

Had talks with  Shankarrao Deo, Rajendra Prasad, Bhimsen Sachchar, Sorabji Rustom, Pragjibhai and Anantrai  Pattani.

1948

January

11

Addressed prayer  meeting.

1948

January

12

Vallabhbhai Patel in  statement to Press, replied to allegations made by Finance Minister of Pakistan and  justified Government of India’s stand that settlement of the financial issues could  not be isolated from vital issues like Kashmir.

1948

January

12

Gandhi met Jamnadas  and Vallabhbhai Patel. In written speech at prayer meeting, announced decision to go on  fast to establish communal unity.

1948

January

12

Called on Lord  Mountbatten.

1948

January

12

Had talk with  Jawaharlal Nehru, Jamnadas and Devdas Gandhi.

1948

January

12

M.S. Aney sworn in  Governor of Bihar.

1948

January

13

Gandhi began fast at  11 a.m. with prayers.

1948

January

13

Had talk with  Vallabhbhai Patel.

1948

January

13

Met Amrit Kaur, Abul  Kalam Azad, Jairamdas Doulatram, H.S. Suhrawardy, Purushottamdas trikumji and Anantrai  Pattani.

1948

January

13

In addressed at prayer  meeting said he would end his fast when peace returned to Delhi.

1948

January

13

Train carrying  non-Muslim refugees from Bannu attacked at Gujarat railway station by tribesmen; hundreds  were killed and wounded and women abducted.

1948

January

14

Gandhi continued fast.

1948

January

14

Had discussion with  Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, John Matthai and Shanmukham Chetty.

1948

January

14

Met deputation from  N.W.F.P., Amrit Kaur, Maharaja of Patiala, gurbachansingh, Sucheta Kripalani, Mehar Chand  Khanna, Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed and H.S. Suhrawardy. Was examined by Drs. Jivraj Mehta,  Bidhan Chandra Roy and Dr. Sushila Nayyar and advised r

1948

January

14

Addressed prayer  meeting.

1948

January

14

Health bulletin  announced that "each day’s fast increased both immediate and future danger"  to Gandhi’s life.

1948

January

15

Gandhi met Jawaharlal  Nehru, Pandit Sundarlal, Goswami Ganesh Datt, V.T. Krishnamachari, Kasturbhai Lalbhai  Shah, Shankarrao Deo, Acharya Jugal Kishore, B.G. Kher, maharaja of Devas, Rajendra  Prasad, Shah Nawaz Khan, Jairamdas Doulatram, Shanmukham Che

1948

January

15

On third day of fast,  became considerably weak and had to be carried in an armchair.

1948

January

15

Spoke briefly on  microphone, lying in bed; his dictated speech dealing with questions put by journalists,  was read out.

1948

January

15

Government of India  announced implementation of financial agreement with pakistan regarding balance of payment  as gesture of goodwill.

1948

January

15

Debate on Kashmir  issue began in United Nations Security Council.

1948

January

16

Rajendra Prasad,  Jawaharlal Nehru, Abul Kalam Azad, Jayaprakash Narayan, Prabhavati, Shankarrao Deo,  Rammanohar Lohia, Sucheta Kripalani, Shah Nawaz Khan and Sikh deputation called on Gandhi.

1948

January

16

Health bulletin said  that Gandhi’s kidneys were not functioning properly.

1948

January

16

Gandhi. Lying bed,  spoke a few words on microphone; his dictated speech was read out at prayer meeting.

1948

January

16

Jawaharlal Nehru,  Jairamdas Doulatram, Amrit Kaur and Jayaprakash Narayan addressed public meetings  appealing to people to maintain peace and save Gandhi’s life.

1948

January

17

Gandhi’s  condition deteriorated on fifth day of fast. Health bulletin said it was most undesirable  to let fast continue and appealed to people to create conditions for ending fast without  delay.

1948

January

17

Abul Kalam Azad, Sir  Padmasingh, Gopinath Bardoloi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Satyanarayan Sinha, Lord and lady  Mountbatten, Rammanohar Lohia and Nawab Sadaquat Ali Khan called. Gandhi had talk with  Rajendra Prasad and G.D. Birla.

1948

January

17

Lying in bed,  addressed a few words on microphone; his dictated speech was read out at a memmoth prayer  gathering.

1948

January

17

Abul Kalam Azad, at a  public meeting, announced seven conditions on which Gandhi was prepared to end fast.  Representatives of different communities and organisations assembled at Rajendra  Prasad’s residence in evening.

1948

January

18

Sixth day of fast.

1948

January

18

Gandhi complained of  stomach ache, was extremely restless. Over a hundred representatives of various groups and  organizations in Delhi came to Gandhi, signed a declaration of assurance on seven  conditions. Rajendra Prasad signed declaration as Congress

1948

January

18

Lying in bed, spoke on  microphone for twenty minutes; his dictated speech was read out at prayer meeting.

1948

January

19

Had talks with  Jamshedji, Jehangir C. Patel, Dinshaw K. Mehta, H.S. Suhrawardy and Jawaharlal Nehru. Was  carried to prayer ground in a chair, his written speech was read out at prayer meeting.

1948

January

19

Central Peace  Committee formed to implement assurances given to Gandhi.

1948

January

19

Government decided to  decontrol cloth.

1948

January

20

Gandhi had talks with  Jamshedji Mehta, Jawaharlal Nehru and Amrit Kaur.

1948

January

20

While addressing  prayer meeting a bomb exploded a short distance away. Gandhi continued address after the  imterruption.

1948

January

20

Madanlal Pahwa was  apprehended.

1948

January

20

United Nations  Security Council agreed to set up a three-power commission to mediate between India and  Pakistan over Kashmir dispute.

1948

January

21

Security measures were  tightened in Birla House. Gandhi turned down suggestion for searching people coming to  prayer meeting.

1948

January

21

Met Sikh deputation.

1948

January

21

Had talks with  Iftikhar-ud-Din and Jawaharlal Nehru.

1948

January

21

Addressed prayer  meeting, had to be carried in a chair.

1948

January

22

Had discussion with  Jawaharlal Nehru. Addressed prayer meeting.

1948

January

23

Had talks with  Jawaharlal Nehru and Sucheta Kripalani.

1948

January

23

In his speech at  prayer meeting, paid tribute to Subhash Chandra Bose on his birth anniversary.

1948

January

23

Kathiawar rulers  signed covenant approving creation of Saurashtra Province, a United State.

1948

January

24

Gandhi attended  Congress Working Committee meeting.

1948

January

24

In speech at prayer  meeting, stressed need to return all abducted women unconditionally.

1948

January

24

Had talk with  Jawaharlal Nehru.

1948

January

25

Attended Congress  Working Committee meeting.

1948

January

25

Addressed prayer  meeting.

1948

January

26

Had talks with  Gopichand Bhargava, Profulla Chandra Ghosh and Annada Chowdhary.

1948

January

26

Attended Congress  Working Committee meeting.

1948

January

26

His written speech was  read out at prayer meeting.

1948

January

27

Visited shrine of  Khwaja Katub-ud-Din Bakhtiar at Mehrauli; addressed gathering there.

1948

January

27

Had talks with Govind  Ballabh Pant, Abul Kalam Azad, Maharaja of Vijayanagar, Justice Ramlal, Mehar Chand  Khanna, Jawaharlal Nehru and Rameshwari Nehru.

1948

January

27

Gave interview to  Kingsley Martin and Vincent Sheean. Had discussion with R.R. Diwakar, Acharya Jugal  Kishore and member of Congress Constitution Sub-Committee.

1948

January

27

Addressed prayer  meeting.

1948

January

28

Had talks with  Rajendra Prasad, members of Central Relief Committee, Nawab Sadiq Ali Khan, Jawaharlal  Nehru, Amrit Kaur and Vincent Sheean.

1948

January

28

Addressed prayer  meeting.

1948

January

29

Had talks with  Prabhavati, Jayaprakash Narayan, Padmaja Naidu, Krishna Hutheesinh, Indira Gandhi, Rajen  Nehru and Sudhir Ghosh.

1948

January

29

Gave interview to  Margaret Bourke-White and General Secretary of Y.W.C.A.

1948

January

29

Addressed prayer  meeting.

1948

January

29

Prepared draft  constitution of Congress suggesting disbanding of Congress organization and setting up a  Lok Sevak Sangh. Had talk with Devdas Gandhi.

1948

January

30

Revised draft  constitution of Congress.

1948

January

30

Had talks with  Pyarelal, Sudhir Ghosh, Maulanas and Sindhi deputation.

1948

January

30

Had discussion with  Vallabhbhai Patel, took his evening meal at 4.30 p.m. while discussion continued.

1948

January

30

Manibehn Patel  interrupted discussion to remind Gandhi that it was time for prayer.

1948

January

30

Gandhi started for  prayer meeting supported by Manu Gandhi and Abha Gandhi on either side. As he was  approaching the prayer ground, three shots were fired at him at close range. Gandhi sank  to the ground breathing his last at 5.17 p.m.