For a World of Peace and Nonviolence!

CHRONOLOGY 1930

1930

January

1

At Subjects Committee  meeting Gandhi moved resolution on national debts which stated that financial burdens  inherited by free India would be subject to investigation by independent tribunal.

1930

January

1

Gave special interview  to Press before leaving Lahore.

1930

January

2

Reached Delhi. Working  Committee fixed 26th January as Independence Day.

1930

January

4

Earl Russell,  Under-Secretary of State for India in speech, said India’s dominion Status would not  be like that of Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Mazhar-ul-Haq died.

1930

January

11

Gandhi, in speech at  Gujarat Vidyapith Convocation, said Earl Russell’s statement on India’s Dominion  Status meant change to gold chains from iron ones.

1930

January

13

Spoke at National  Educational conference.

1930

January

18

Rabindranath Tagore  visited Sabarmati Ashram and had discussions with Gandhi.

1930

January

22

Gandhi gave interview  to Daily Express about his future plan regarding civil disobedience movement.

1930

January

25

Viceroy in statement  in Legislative Assembly said Round Table Conference would help prepare guidelines on which  Government could prepare draft proposals regarding Dominion Status for consideration of  Parliament; Viceroy disapproved of financial resolut

1930

January

26

Pledge of Independence  taken all over India.

1930

February

7

Viceroy spoke at  Lucknow Durbar.

1930

February

15

Congress Working  Committee at Ahmedabad authorized Gandhi and those who believed in non-violence as an  article of faith to launch civil disobedience "as and when they desire and to the  extent they decide".

1930

February

15

Gandhi spoke at prayer  meeting, Sabarmati, advising Ashram inmates to prepare themselves for the ensuing fight.

1930

February

19

All-India Congress  Committee adopted civil disobedience progremme.

1930

February

27

In article "When  I am Arrested" Gandhi wrote; "Not a single believer in non-violence as an  article of faith for the purpose of achieving India’s goal should find himself free  or alive at the end of the effort to submit any longer to the existing slaver

1930

February

28

In letter to G.D.  Birla, wrote "I have little hope of remaining out of jail by the end of  March."

1930

March

1

Gandhi was at  Sabarmati.

1930

March

2

Wrote to the Viceroy  explaining his reasons for breaking salt law. Spoke at a wedding ceremony at the Ashram.

1930

March

5

Speaking at prayer  meeting told women not to accompany him on Dandi March.

1930

March

7

Issued statement on  Vallabhbhai Patel’s arrest and appealed to the people to observe general strike.

1930

March

8

Spoke at Ahmedabad  meeting exhorting the people to remain peaceful and non-violent during the salt-law  campaign.

1930

March

10

Spoke at prayer  meeting, Sabarmati and called for an unlimited supply of volunteers to keep the stream of  civil resisters unbroken.

1930

March

Before 11

Sent message to  Andhra.

1930

March

On or before 11

Gave interviews to  H.D. Rajah and the Manchester Guardian.

1930

March

11

Speaking at prayer  meeting said "Either we shall win the goal for which we are marching or die in the  attempt to win it."

1930

March

11

At prayer meeting  asked people to observe non-violence if he was arrested.

1930

March

12

Accompanied by 78  volunteers, left Sabarmati at 6.30 a.m. for Dandi to break salt law and start civil  disobedience campaign. At 8.30 a.m. gave parting message at Chandola. Spoke at Aslali.

1930

March

13

Spoke at Bareja and  Navagam.

1930

March

14

Talked to Press  representatives at Navagam. Spoke at Vasana.

1930

March

15

Spoke at Dabhan and  Nadiad.

1930

March

16

Spoke at Boriavi.

1930

March

On or after 16

Spoke to satyagrahis.

1930

March

17

Spoke at Anand. Talked  to volunteers.

1930

March

18

Addressed public  meeting at Borsad.

1930

March

19

Addressed public  meeting at Ras.

1930

March

20

Spoke at Kareli and  Gajera.

1930

March

21

Spoke at Ankhi.

1930

March

22

Gave interview to  Yusuf Meherally.

1930

March

23

Spoke at Buva and  Samni.

1930

March

25

A.I.C.C. session held  at Sabarmati authorized Gandhi to initiate and control civil disobedience.

1930

March

25

Gandhi spoke at public  meeting, Tralsa.

1930

March

26

Spoke at Ankleshwar.

1930

March

26

At broach spoke on  Hindu-Muslim unity.

1930

March

27

Sent message to  Hindustani Seva Dal.

1930

March

27

Spoke at Sajod and  Mangarol.

1930

March

28

Spoke at Raima and  Umrachhi.

1930

March

28

Spoke Volunteers.

1930

March

29

Spoke at Bhatgam  emphasizing the need for greater self-purification among volunteers and pilgrims of Dandi  March.

1930

March

30

Spoke at Sandhiyer and  Delad.

1930

April

1

Spoke at Chhaprabhatha  and Surat.

1930

April

2

Spoke at Dindoli.

1930

April

3

Spoke at Vanjh,  Navsari and Dhaman.

1930

April

4

Spoke at Vijalpore.

1930

April

5

Reached Dandi. Issued  statement to Associated Press.

1930

April

5

Sent message to  America.

1930

April

5

Addressed public  meeting at Dandi and advised people not to eat salt supplied by Government.

1930

April

6

At Dandi Gandhi and  his party broke salt law. Salt law was also broken at Ahmedabad, Surat, Broach, Kheda,  Bombay and Delhi. At public meeting in the evening Gandhi advised the people not to eat  taxed salt any more.

1930

April

6

Civil disobedience was  offered throughout the country.

1930

April

7

Gandhi issued  statement to the press on the effects of civil disobedience movement.

1930

April

7

Spoke to volunteers at  Aat.

1930

April

7

Sent messages to  Kathiawar and Gujarat.

1930

April

8

Spoke at Aat.

1930

April

8

Halted at Surat on way  to Bhimrad.

1930

April

9

Dictated message to  the nation on how the people should conduct themselves after his arrest.

1930

April

9

Spoke at Bhimrad.

1930

April

10

At Dandi. Sent message  to Bombay Congress Committee and the people of Bombay.

1930

April

10

At Jalalpur, spoke to  volunteers.

1930

April

10

Gave interviews to  Associated Press of India and The Hindu.

1930

April

10

At public meeting at  Abrama, stressed the necessity of complete prohibition and promotion of khadi.

1930

April

11

At Jalal in a  statement to the Associated Press of India, expressed his intention to concentrate on  Gujarat.

1930

April

Before 12

Sent message to Mrs.  Hansa Mehta that Bombay women should take up the cause of preventing liquor consumption.

1930

April

13

At Dandi. Spoke at  women’s conference and stressed his faith in non-violence.

1930

April

13

Spoke at public  meeting.

1930

April

13

Salt Satyagraha was  started at 27 different centres in Bihar. Jawaharlal Nehru and several other Congress  leaders were arrested and sentenced to imprisonment.

1930

April

14

Gandhi called upon  students to leave schools and colleges.

1930

April

15

Spoke at Umber.

1930

April

17

At Jalalpur, gave  interview to Free Press of India.

1930

April

17

Spoke to the  volunteers.

1930

April

29

Spoke at Vejalpore and  Bardoli.

1930

April

20

At Jalalpur, gave  interview to The Bombay Chronicle.

1930

April

21

At Navasari, gave  interview to Associated Press on Chittagong disturbances.

1930

April

22

At Surat, appealed to  headmen to take leading part in the constructive work.

1930

April

24

At Karadi, gave  interview to The Hindu

1930

April

25

Spoke at Pannar.

1930

April

26

Spoke at Ambheti,  Bulsar and Chharwada.

1930

April

Before 27

Sent message to  America.

1930

April

28

Gave interview to The  Bombay Chronicle.

1930

April

29

Spoke at Bilimora.

1930

April

29

Gave interview to The  Leader.

1930

April

30

At Jalalpur. Issued  statement on poisoning of salt-beds. Congratulated Delhi Journalists on their decision to  stop publication of newspapers and journals in protest against Press Ordinance.

1930

May

1

Spoke at Olpad and  Rander.

1930

May

4

Drafted letter to the  Viceroy.

1930

May

4

Gave interview to J.B.  Kripalani.

1930

May

4

Spoke at Surat.

1930

May

5

At Karadi. Was  arrested at midnight and taken to Yeravda prison in a bus.

1930

May

5

Gave interview to The  Daily Telegraph at Borivli on way to Poona.

1930

May

12

Wrote his first letter  to Ashram inmates from Yeravda.

1930

May

18

Wrote letter to the  Viceroy.

1930

May

20

In interview to Daily  Herald, conveyed his terms of settlement.

1930

May

30

Informed Government he  would not see his relatives if he was not allowed to see persons equallyclose to him.

1930

June

30

Motilal Nehru, acting  Congress President, was arrested at Allahabad.

1930

July

1

Gandhi in Yeravda  Prison.

1930

July

8

Declined to see  relatives unless some other who were a close to him as relatives by blood were also  allowed to see him.

1930

July

23

Had an interview with  Tej Bahadur Sapru and M.R. Jayakar and sent a note for the Nehrus through them.

1930

July

31 - August 2

Had talks with M.R.  Jayakar.

1930

August

14 - 15

T.B. Sapru and M.R.  Jasyakar had talks with Gandhi and other Congress leaders - Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal  Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, Dr. Syed Mahmud, Jairamdas Doulatram and Sarojini Naidu - in  Yeravda Prison.

1930

August

30 - 31

T.B. Sapru and M.R.  Jayakar saw Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru and Dr. Syed Mahmud in Naini Jail.

1930

September

3 - 5

T.B. Sapru and M.R.  Jayakar had talks with Gandhi and other Congress leaders in Yeravda Prison and received a  joint statement signed by Congress leaders and drafted by Gandhi.

1930

September

12

Round Table Conference  met in London without Gandhi.

1930

September

12

Gandhi began series of  discourses on the Gita.

1930

December

16

Gandhi was in Yeravda  Central Prison from may 5, 1930.

1930

December

21

Forty women in Delhi  jail went on hunger-strike.

1930

December

23

Madan Mohan Malaviya  was released.

1930

December

24

Viceroy issued two  ordinances.

1930

December

25

In Bombay over 200  injured in lathi-charge.

1930

December

27

Martial Law declared  in Smyrna.

1930

December

29

Kamala Nehru was  arrested.

1930

December

30

Volunteer  organizations in Meerut declared unlawful.