MAHATMA GANDHI MEDIA AND RESEARCH SERVICE

Chronology of the life and work of Mahatma Gandhi (Ghandi)

1924

1924

January

2

Cocanada session of  Indian National Congress concluded.

1924

January

5

C.R. Das elected  member of Bengal legislative council.

1924

January

8

Gandhiji had severe  stomach pain, passed restless night.

1924

January

12

Visited by Srinivasa  Sastri in Sasson Hospital. Operated on by Col. Maddock for appendicitis.

1924

January

14

Conveyed thanks to  countrymen through Dr. Phatak for deep affection shown him during ciritcal period of  health.

1924

January

19

Gave interview to The  Bombay Chronicle.

1924

February

2

In interview to Dilip  Kumar Roy, expressed views on music.

1924

February

4

Order of unconditional  release of Gandhiji issued.

1924

February

Before 5

Interviewed by editor  of Yug Dharma, said he contemplated writing autobiography.

1924

February

5

Release order conveyed  at 8 a.m., but continued to remain in Sasson Hospital.

1924

February

After 5

Gave Devdas answers to  questions on swaraj from Drew pearson.

1924

February

On or before 6

Sent message to  Gujarat vidyapith that his release was no matter for rejoining but rather for humility.

1924

February

Before 7

In interview to The  Bombay Chronicle, expressed grief that his release was based on grounds of health.

1924

February

7

Issued message to  nation through Congress President that he was not happy over release.

1924

February

12

Requested Mahomed  Yakub to desist from moving Assembly resolution recommending award of Nobel Peace Prize to  him.

1924

February

14

Issued statement on  Class Areas Bill.

1924

February

25

Issued statement on  Jaiton firing.

1924

February

28

Gave interview to Sind  deputation consisting of Jairamdas Doulatram, Kazi Abdul-Rehman, Seth Isserdas and R.K.  Sidhwa.

1924

March

1

Sent message of  sympathy to Poona citizens’ meeting, held to protest against ban on Horniman’s  return to India.

1924

March

4

Issued statement on  Akali Movement.

1924

March

On or before 7

In message to Delhi  Provincial Political Conference, advised promotion of Hindu-Muslim unity.

1924

March

9

Interviewed by  Associated Press on his talks with Akali deputation.

1924

March

10

Addressed students of  B.J. Medical School, Poona. Left Sassoon Hospital; entrained at night for Bombay.

1924

March

11

Arrived in Bombay.  Stayed at Narottam Morarji’s bungalow at Juhu for convalescence.

1924

March

15

Issued statement on  Potti Sriramulu’s fast for Harijan entry to temples.

1924

March

17

Resumed practice of  observing silence every Monday.

1924

March

19

Sent message to Vykom  satyagrahis.

1924

March

20

Issued statement on  Government’s opium policy.

1924

March

21

Addressed party of  students and teachers from Bombay Rashtriya Shala.

1924

March

23

Issued second  statement on Class Areas Bill.

1924

March

29

Had discussions  regarding "No-changers" and Swarajists with Madan Mohan Malaviya, Lajpat Rai and  Motilal Nehru.

1924

March

Before 30

Addressed teachers,  members of Managing Committee and guardians of pupils of National School at Vile Parle.

1924

April

2

Wrote preface to Satyagraha  in South Africa.

1924

April

3

Resumed editorship of Young  India. Had interview with Dr. Kitchlew.

1924

April

4

Held talks with Madan  Mohan Malaviya, Motilal Nehru and Hakim Ajmat Khan on Hindu-Muslim unity.

1924

April

6

Resumed editorship of Navajivan.

1924

April

6

Issued third statement  on Class Areas Bill.

1924

April

11

Prepared draft  statement in connection with Council-entry.

1924

April

13

Sent Motilal Nehru  copy of draft statement on Council-entry.

1924

April

15

Expressed views on  Vykom Satyagraha in interview to The Hindu.

1924

April

23

Attended Working  Committee meeting.

1924

April

23

Srinivasa Sastri  called on Gandhiji.

1924

April

24

In interview to The  Daily Express, gave his views on swaraj.

1924

May

1

Appealed for Hindu  help to starving Moplahs.

1924

May

Before 4

Issued statement on  Kathiawar Political Conference.

1924

May

16

Gandhiji had  discussions with representatives of Vykom Satyagraha Committee.

1924

May

17

Discussions on Vykom  satyagraha continued.

1924

May

27

Gandhiji gave  interview to The Hindu on Vykom satyagraha Council-entry.

1924

May

18

In first public  appearance after release from jail, presided over Buddha Jayanti celebrations in Bombay.

1924

May

20

discussions with Vykom  Satyagraha committee representatives concluded.

1924

May

22

Gandhiji and Swaraj  party leaders issued separate statements on Council-entry.

1924

May

28

Gandhiji left Bombay  for Ahmedabad.

1924

May

29

Returned to Satyagraha  Ashram after absence of 26 months.

1924

May

29

Young India article  analysed Hindu-Muslim tension; its cause and cure.

1924

May

30

Gandhiji gave  interview to swatantrya of Nagpur on Hindu-Muslim question.

1924

May

31

Gave interview to  Associated Press of India.

1924

June

3

In interview to Swatantrya, dwelt on code of non-violence and communal disputes in Nagpur.

1924

June

5

In interview to The  Times of India, expressed his view of bengal Provincial conference’s resolution  on Gopinath Saha. Sir Michel O’Dwyer awarded damages with costs, in O’Dwyer-Nair  case.

1924

June

8

Gandhiji gave  interview to The Hindu, on Swarajists’ programme, Hindu-Muslim tension, and  impending A.I.C.C. session.

1924

June

10

Delivered annual  address at Gujarat Vidyapith.

1924

June

11

Sent message to  Saurashtra Rajput Conference.

1924

June

19

Published in Young  India four resolutions which he proposed to move at A.I.C.C. meeting.

1924

June

24

Gave interview to  Associated Press of India.

1924

June

27

Moved first of his  four resolutions at A.I.C.C. session at Ahmedabad.

1924

June

28

Addressed A.I.C.C. on  the second day of its session.

1924

June

29

Moved his second and  third resolutions at A.I.C.C.

1924

June

30

Spoke at informal  meeting, after conclusion of A.I.C.C. session.

1924

July

1

Conveyed his  impressions of A.I.C.C. in interview to Associated Press of India.

1924

July

3

Made in Young India retrospective study of A.I.C.C proceedings.

1924

July

11

Addressed Gujarat  Provincial Congress Committee.

1924

July

13

Communal riots  reported from Nagpur.

1924

July

15

Communal riots broke  out in Delhi.

1924

July

15

Sarojini Naidu called  on Gandhiji at Sabarmati.

1924

July

17

Young India article  gave analysis of ‘an appeal to the nation’ issued by D.C. Chatterji and others.

1924

July

End of July

Devastarting floods in  Malabar.

1924

August

1

Gandhiji presided over  Ahmedabad Conference of Teachers of National Schools in Gujarat.

1924

August

2

Addressed Conference  on resolutions before it.

1924

August

7

Gave interview to  Associated Press of India on criticism of his attitude to Malbar flood-relief.

1924

August

8

Spoke at Gujarat  Mahavidyalaya, Ahmedabad.

1924

August

9

Wrote to Motilal Nehru  regarding the choice of Congress president at the next session of the A.I.C.C

1924

August

12

Hasrat Mohani released  from jail.

1924

August

14

In Young India article,  Gandhiji argued against compulsory education.

1924

August

16

Gandhiji left  Ahmedabad for Delhi in connection with Hindu-Muslim settlement on communal riots.

1924

August

17

Reached Delhi.

1924

August

17

In Navajivan appealed  for contributions for flood relief in Malabar.

1924

August

22

Interview to  Associated Press of India on negotiations for a compromise between Hindus and Muslims.

1924

August

22

Gandhiji left Delhi  for Ahmedabad en route to Bombay.

1924

August

23

In Ahmedabad spoke at  a mass meeting of labourers.

1924

August

26

Spoke in reply to  address presented by Ahmedabad Municipality.

1924

August

28

In Young India in  "Gulbarga gone Mad" appealed for Hindu-Muslim unity.

1924

August

29

Reached Bombay.

1924

August

29

Spoke in reply to  address presented by Bombay Municipal Corporation.

1924

August

30

In letter to Motilal  Nehru explained the terms of his ‘full surrender’ and proposed measures to  improve Congress organisation.

1924

August

30

Participated in the  birth anniversary celebrations of Dadabhai Naoroji organized by National Women’s  council.

1924

August

31

In statement on unity  explained his attitude of "perfect surrender" to Motilal Nehru.

1924

August

31

At Excelsior Theatre  addressed Parsi Rajakiya Mandal Meeting for Malabar Flood relief.

1924

August

31

At Bombay Provincial  Congress Committee meeting replied to criticism of Spinning Resolution passed at  Ahmedabad.

1924

September

2

Visited Khadi Bhandar  at Princess Street.

1924

September

2

In the evening gave  away prizes at national Medical College.

1924

September

2

At 9 a.m. spoke at  meeting of Bombay Provincial Congress Committee.

1924

September

3

Left Bombay for Poona  by night train.

1924

September

4

In Poona spoke at  public meeting.

1924

September

4

Visited Servants of  India Society.

1924

September

4

Spoke at Tilak  Mahavidyalaya convocation.

1924

September

4

Advised Congress  workers to abdicate power and take up hand-spinning.

1924

September

5

Returned to Bombay en  route to Ahmedabad.

1924

September

5

Visited Surat and  addressed mass meeting in the evening.

1924

September

6

In letter to Motilal  Nehru emphasized decision not to divide the Congress.

1924

September

6

In letter to  Rajagopalachari stressed that "we must abdicate power altogether if we have faith in  our mission".

1924

September

9 - 11

riots in Kohat; Hindus  were evacuated.

1924

September

13

Gandhiji left  Ahmedabad for Delhi in connection with Hindu-Muslim riots.

1924

September

14

Reached Delhi.

1924

September

15

In Delhi inaugurated The  Hindustan times

1924

September

17

Commenced 21 day fast  at Mahomed Ali’s house.

1924

September

18

In a statement  released at 2 a.m. described 21 day fast as "penance and prayer".

1924

September

24

In statement to the  Press on Unity conference stressed need to evolve "heart-unity" and not just a  "patched-up peace".

1924

September

26

Unity Conference in  Delhi passed resolution requesting Gandhiji to give up fast.

1924

September

27

Gandhiji rejected  Unity Conference appeal.

1924

October

1

Deputation of Bombay  women met Gandhiji to persuade him to give up fast.

1924

October

1

Gandhiji’s  tribute to Annie Besant on her 78th birthday was read out at a public meeting  in Bombay.

1924

October

Before  2

Gandhiji along with  Rabindranath Tagore appealed to International Opium Conference, Geneva, to adopt measures  for suppression of opium traffic except for medicinal purposes.

1924

October

8

In Delhi at 12 noon,  broke his 21 day fast after making statement on Hindu-Muslim unity.

1924

October

8

Mahomed Ali presented  Gandhiji with a cow purchased from a butcher for being sent to Panjrapole.

1924

October

9

In message to the  Press Gandhiji sought "prayer and co-operation of every son and daughter of  India" in his endeavour for unity.

1924

October

16

In Young India reiterated  necessity of Spinning Franchise.

1924

October

16

In a letter sought  Viceroy’s permission to visit Kohat.

1924

October

20

In message asked  Transvaal Indians to continue struggle for honourable existence.

1924

October

23

In Young India in  "The Law of Love" asked No-changers to live "on the sufferance of their  fellow-workers, the Swarajists and the Liberals".

1924

October

28

Viceroy refused  permission to Gandhiji to visit Kohat.

1924

October

30

In message to U.P.  Political Conference, Gorakhpur, Gandhiji condemned repression in Bengal and appealed to  people to preserve peace.

1924

November

2

Left Delhi for  Calcutta.

1924

November

6

In joint statement  with Swaraj Party leaders announced agreement on concerted action, suspension of  non-co-operation and Spinning Franchise.

1924

November

6

Spoke in reply to  Calcutta Corporation address at Town Hall.

1924

November

7

Explained during  discussions with No-changers implications of agreement with Swaraj Party leaders.

1924

November

7

Spoke in reply to  Howrah Municipality address at Howrah Town Hall.

1924

November

7

Interview to  Associated Press of India on his agreement with Swaraj Party leaders.

1924

November

7

Left for Delhi.

1924

November

10

In Delhi, interviewed  by Associated Press of India, informed that Calcutta Agreement would be submitted to  All-party Conference, Bombay, for final decision.

1924

November

13

In Young India explained  the Calcutta Agreement. In letter informed Romain Rolland of the arrival of Madeleine  Slade (Mirabehn) whom he would help "to become a little bridge between West and  East."

1924

November

13

Visited Modern School;  addressed students at Ramjas College.

1924

November

13

Attended funeral of  Bi-Amma, mother of Ali Brothers.

1924

November

14

In a message to World  tomorrow, New York, described non-violence as the greatest living force.

1924

November

16

Issued statement of  Kohat question.

1924

November

Before 17

In message to Tamilnad  Conference, Tiruvannamalai, said the spirit of non-violence was basis of agreement with  Swaraj Party leaders.

1924

November

18

Left Delhi for Bombay.

1924

November

20

Reached Bombay.

1924

November

21

Spoke at Congress  Working Committee meeting, Bombay.

1924

November

21

Moved the first  resolution on Bengal Ordinance at All-Party Conference, Bombay.

1924

November

21

In interview to  Associated Press of India refuted reports in local newspapers about withdrawal of Spinning  Franchise.

1924

November

22

Spoke on unity at  All-Party Conference

1924

November

23

At A.I.C.C meeting  moved resolution approving the Calcutta Agreement.

1924

November

23

At Chowpatty spoke  condoling Bi-Amma’s death.

1924

November

25

Left Bombay for  Ahmedabad.

1924

November

26

Reached Ahmedabad.

1924

November

30

In Ahmedabad,  addressed students of Gujarat National College.

1924

December

4

Reached Lahore;  conferred with Lajpat rai and Madan Mohan Malaviya at the former’s residence.

1924

December

5

Reached Amritsar.

1924

December

5

In the afternoon spoke  at a big diwan in Golden Temple. In the evening, address public meeting at Jallianwala  Bagh.

1924

December

6

At Punjab Provincial  Khilafat Conference spoke in reply to Zafar Ali’s attack on Hindu leaders.

1924

December

6

In Lahore delivered  Convocation address at Punjab Qaumi Vidyapith.

1924

December

7

Delivered presidential  address at Punjab Provincial Conference.

1924

December

8

At Gandhiji’s  instance the representatives of Khilafat Conference met at Lahore to evolve methods to  strengthen Hindu-Muslim unity.

1924

December

9

In speech at  Rawalpindi Gandhiji advised Hindu refugees not to return to Kohat on Government advice.

1924

December

11

Left Rawalpindi in the  morning for Ahmedabad, at Lahore railway Station en route, was interviewed by The  Tribune on Kohat affairs.

1924

December

13

Reached Ahmedabad.

1924

December

14

In statement to the  Press warned people not to believe unauthenticated reports of his Punjab speeches.

1924

December

18

Left Ahmedabad for  Belgaum.

1924

December

20

Reached Belgaum.

1924

December

21

Spoke in reply to  welcome address by the Belgaum Municipality and the District Board.

1924

December

23

In Belgaum, A.I.C.C  formed itself into Subjects Committee with Gandhiji as president and appointed a  sub-committee with 16 members to draft e3 endorsing Calcutta Agreement.

1924

December

24

Subjects Committee  adopted resolution endorsing Calcutta Agreement and Spinning Franchise.

1924

December

24

Khilafat Conference  was held in the Congress pandal under the presidentship of Dr. Kitchlew.

1924

December

25

In Belgaum at Subjects  Committee meeting Gandhiji appealed to No-changers to have faith in swarajists.

1924

December

26

The Indian National  Congress began its 39th session under Gandhiji’s presidentship. Gandhiji  delivered the presidential address and spoke on the resolution endorsing Calcutta  Agreement.

1924

December

27

Spoke at All-India  Students’ Conference in the morning.

1924

December

27

At the Congress  session spoke on various resolutions and on Annie Besant’s statement.

1924

December

27

The Congress session  concluded with a moving address by Gandhiji first in Hindi and then in English.

1924

December

27

Gandhiji spoke at  untouchability Conference.

1924

December

27

Attended Hindu  Mahasabha session held in Congress pandal.

1924

December

28

Delivered the  presidential address at Cow-protection Conference.

1924

December

30

Spoke at All-India  State Conference.

1924

December

31

In Bombay at annual  session of All-India Muslim League condemned Natal Boroghs Ordinance.