For a World of Peace and Nonviolence!

CHRONOLOGY 1922

1922

January

4

Shyam Sunder  Chakravarty, editor of the Servant, was sentenced to 3 months’ simple  imprisonment for contempt of court.

1922

January

5

Writing in Young  India, Gandhiji described right of free speech and free association as "the  immediate issue" before the country.

1922

January

7

Lajpat Rai and  Santanam sentenced to one year’s rigorous imprisonment.

1922

January

8

Writing in Navajivan, Gandhiji discussed Khilafat and Muslim League conferences and suggested steps for  Hindu-Muslim unity.

1922

January

13

In Madras, hartal  observed on the arrival of Prince of Wales.

1922

January

Before 14

At Bombay, Gandhiji  gave interview to The Bombay Chronicle regarding his participation in forthcoming  Leaders’ Conference.

1922

January

14

Leaders’  Conference commenced in Bombay under Sir Sankaran Nair’s chairmanship; Government  spoke. Conference appointed committee to frame resolutions.

1922

January

15

In morning Committee  appointed by Conference held meeting; Gandhiji attended. Sir Sankaran Nair walked out. In  evening conference was resumed; Sir M. Visveshwarayya elected chairman instead. Gandhiji  agreed to postponement of civil disobedience till Ja

1922

January

17

At Bombay, Congress  Working Committee considered recommendations of Leaders’ Conference and passed  resolution postponing "offensive" civil disobedience till January 31, 1922.

1922

January

17

Sir Sankaran  nair’s letter discussing Leaders’ Conference and explaining his standpoint  appeared in The Times of India. Gandhiji gave interview to The Bombay Chronicle regarding Sir Sankaran Nair’s letter to The Times of India.

1922

January

19

Gandhiji in article  "Worse than Martial Law" in Young India, condemned Government’s  "savage repression". In another articleHooliganism in Madras" condemned  disturbances during hartal on January 13.

1922

January

19

Babu Bhagwandas  released.

1922

January

26

At Ahmedabad, Gandhiji  addressed gathering at Satyagraha Ashram.

1922

January

29

In Bardoli, spoke at  Bardoli Taluka Conference; Conference passed resolution that Bardoli Taluka would  immediately commence civil disobedience unless working committee decided otherwise or  unless Round Table Conference was held. Gandhiji commenting in

1922

January

30

In letter to Patels of Bardoli asked them to submit to him letters of resignation from Government service, for  use later.

1922

January

31

At Surat, meeting of  Working Committee passed resolution saying that propaganda in foreign countries was  absolutely essential.

1922

January

31

Gandhiji spoke at  public meeting at Surat.

1922

January

31

Lajpat Rai, K.  Santanam, Malik Khan and Dr. Gopi Chand released; Lajpat Rai rearrested under the Criminal  Law Amendment Act of 1908.

1922

February

1

Gandhiji, in letter to  Viceroy, informed him of Bardoli’s decision to commence mass civil disobedience  unless Viceroy declared in clear terms policy of absolute non-interference with  non-violent activities, free press from all administrative control an

1922

February

4

At Chauri Chaura,  rioting took place; police station attacked and twenty-one policemen and watchmen killed.

1922

February

5

At Bardoli, Gandhiji  gave interview to The Bombay Chronicle on Bardoli’s fitness for civil  disobedience.

1922

February

5

Issued first of a  series of leaflets in Gujarati, addressed to people of Bardoli.

1922

February

6

Government issued communique in reply to Gandhiji’s letter of February 1 to Viceroy.

1922

February

7

Gandhiji issued to the  Press his rejoinder to Government communique.

1922

February

8

From Bardoli, sent  confidential circular letter to members of Working Committee inviting their opinion on  suspension of civil disobedience to be considered at a meeting on February 11.

1922

February

8

Hardyal Nag,  President, Bengal Provincial Congress Committee, was released unconditionally.

1922

February

9

Ahmedabad Municipality  suspended.

1922

February

9

Gandhiji, writing in Young  India, discussed official lawlessness and declared that defensive civil disobedience  "must continue at any cost".

1922

February

10

At Bardoli, Gandhiji  in a meeting of Congress Workers announced his decision to stop civil disobedience  movement immediately.

1922

February

11

At Bardoli, meeting of  the Working Committee was held.

1922

February

12

Gandhiji commenced  five-day fast as penance for Chauri Chaura incidents.

1922

February

12

Resolution passed at  Working Committee meeting that in view of Chauri Chaura incidents civil disobedience be  suspended.

1922

February

12

Writing in Navajivan, Gandhiji deplored the Chauri Chaura incidents.

1922

February

12

In another article,  reiterated conditions to be observed by people for obtaining swaraj.

1922

February

14

The Prince of Wales  arrived in Delhi.

1922

February

15

At Bardoli, Gandhiji  gave interview to The Bombay Chronicle on his future programme.

1922

February

15

In letter to Sir  Daniel Hamilton, stressed importance of the spinning-wheel for India.

1922

February

15

In England, House of  Lords resolved to appoint a Standing Joint Committee of the Lords and Commons on Indian  affairs.

1922

February

16

In Young India, Gandhiji  wrote on "The Crime of Chauri Chaura."

1922

February

19

Wrote to Jawaharlal  Nehru explaining Working Committee’s resolution suspending civil disobedience.

1922

February

22

Wrote to Chairman,  A.I.C.C., saying that establishing agency in any foreign country for disseminating news  about the political situation in India was undesirable just then.

1922

February

23

Sir William Vincent  made statement in Assembly on Government’s policy regarding non-co-operation  movement.

1922

February

24

At Delhi, A.I.C.C.  meeting commenced.

1922

February

24

Viceroy gave assent to  Bill for repeal of Repressive Laws.

1922

February

25

At Delhi, A.I.C.C.  meeting adopted with modifications Working Committee’s resolutions passed at Bardoli  on February 12.

1922

February

26

At Delhi, Gandhiji  gave interview to Press on A.I.C.C. meeting and its resolutions.

1922

March

3

Jawaharlal Nehru and  six others released from Lucknow Jail before expiry of their term.

1922

March

4

Gandhiji in Ahmedabad.

1922

March

5

In the afternoon  attended Gujarat Provincial Congress Committee meeting presided over by Vallabhbhai Patel.

1922

March

8

Left Ahmedabad for  Ajmer by evening train.

1922

March

9

Attended Ulemas’  Conference at Ajmer.

1922

March

9

Left Ajmer for  Ahmedabad.

1922

March

9

Lajpat Rai sentenced  to one year’s rigorous imprisonment for breaking ban on addressing public meetings.

1922

March

9

Resignation of  Montagu, Secretary of State for India accepted.

1922

March

10

Gandhiji reached  Ahmedabad in the afternoon. Arrested at 10 p.m. and taken to Sabarmati Jail.

1922

March

11

Charged with promoting  disaffection against Government through his writtings in Young India before  Assistant Magistrate; committed to Sessions. Exhorted Ashram people in parting words to  propagate peace and harmony among all communities. Message to cou

1922

March

Before 18

Lloyd George, British  Prime Minister, said in Commons that British supremacy had to be maintained, and repeated  that goal of British policy in India was responsible Government, as envisaged in Preamble  of the Government of India Act, 1919, but not of t

1922

March

18

Government, in jail,  gave interview to Manchester Guardian on non-co-operation.

1922

March

18

Tried by Sessions  Court at Circuit House, Shahibagh, sentenced to six years’ imprisonment; Shankerlal  Banker to one year.

1922

March

20

At midnight Gandhiji  taken from Sabarmati Jail to Yeravda Prison by special train.

1922

March

21

Arrived at yeravada  Prison at 5.30 p.m.

1922

March

22

Fasted on being  deprived of spinning-wheel, which was restored in the evening.

1922

March

23

Shuaib Qureshi took  over as Editor of Young India.

1922

April

1

Gandhiji visited by C.  Rajagopalachari.

1922

April

22

Had talk with  Gangadharrao Deshpande, journalist and Congress leaders of Karnatak.

1922

May

6

Gandhiji informed by  Government that his letter to Hakim Ajmal Khan could not be forwarded.

1922

May

12

Wrote to Hakimji that,  in view of Government’s action in withholding his last letter, he would stop the  quarterly communication permitted by jail rules.

1922

June

1

C. Rajagopalachari  took over editorship of Young India.

1922

July

1

Gandhiji had visit  from Maganlal Gandhi.

1922

July

2

Kasturba, Manilal,  Devdas and Mathurdas Trikumji called on Gandhiji.

1922

September

13

Gandhiji commenced  week’s silence.

1922

September

20

Went on one  week’s silence for the second time.

1922

October

4

Kasturba, Jamnalal,  Ramdas, Punjabhai and Kishorelal called on Gandhiji.

1922

November

11

A.I.C.C. at Calcutta  passed Civil disobedience resolution.