MAHATMA GANDHI MEDIA AND RESEARCH SERVICE

Chronology of the life and work of Mahatma Gandhi (Ghandi)

1912

1912

January

1

Inaugural meeting of  African Political Organization held at Johannesburg under president ship of Dr. Abdur  Rahman.

1912

January

4

Labor Conference at  Bloemfontein demanded abolition of indenture system.

1912

January

4(?)

Dr. Porter reported  serious outbreak of smallpox in Malay Location, Johannesburg.

1912

January

5

BIA complained to  Secretary for Interior regarding case of an infant below one year for whom Durban  immigration authorities had demanded a visitor’s pass.

1912

January

6

Indian Opinion reported  famine in Bombay presidency, Kathiawad, Ahmedabad and Kaira.

1912

January

 

Writing in Indian  Opinion, Gandhi appealed for funds for famine relief in India; commended H.S.L.  Polak’s work at Indian National Congress, and welcomed decision of Gokhale to visit  South Africa as "joyful news".

1912

January

9

H.S.L. Polak wrote to  Government of India regarding £ 3 tax on ex-indentured Indians.

1912

January

12

Gandhi, in letter to  Gokhale, welcomed his visit to South Africa; suggested visit on way to London.

1912

January

 

L.W. Ritch received  legal notice to deliver title-deed and possession of Boksburg Stands to Government in  cancellation of his ownership.

1912

January

13

Gandhi, in Indian  Opinion, warned Indians not to conceal cases of smallpox.

1912

January

15

Gave interview to Evening  Chronicle on TDMCO, smallpox, trading licences etc.

1912

January

16

Cases of plague  discovered in Durban.

1912

January

18

Durban Indians formed  Plague Committee to help Public Health Department.

1912

January

 

Gandhi met M. Chamney.

1912

January

Before 20

Indian hawkers  informed that they would be refused licences to hawk in Kimberley.

1912

January

 

Supreme Court  dismissed appeal of Indian minor, Mahomed Hassan, against Government’s refusal to  register him on ground that he was over 16 years of age when he arrived.

1912

January

29

Gandhi wrote to E.F.C.  Lane saying the gazetted version of UIRB (1912) differed somewhat from the draft he had  seen; discussed Sections 5, 7, 25 and 28.

1912

January

 

Abdoolla Hajee Adam,  founder-president of Natal Indian Congress, died.

1912

January

30

First reading of UIRB  (1912) in Union Assembly.

1912

January

 

Gandhi wired Smuts  regarding Sections 5, 7, 25 and 28.

1912

January

 

Received reply to  above that second reading of Bill was not until February 8 and matters mentioned were  being considered.

1912

January

31

In wire to Gandhi,  Secretary for Interior upheld Sections 5, 7, 25 and 28 of Bill.

1912

February

1

Gandhi wired E.F.C.  Lane expressing dissatisfaction with reply of January 31 and requesting alterations in  Sections 7 and 8. Said he was refraining from public action pending reply.

1912

February

3:

Writing in Indian  Opinion on the Bill, said it did not quite fulfill Smuts’ promise. Criticized  provisions vesting power in immigration officers to determine domiciliary rights of wives  and minors, taking away right of judicial appeal and disturbing existing rights of  inter provincial movement of educated persons.

1912

February

 

Wired Cape British  Indian Union to pass resolutions against these provisions.

1912

February

 

In Gujarati section of Indian Opinion, translated and commented on important sections of the Bill.

1912

February

4

Meetings held in Cape  and Natal to protest against bill.

1912

February

7

Secretary for Interior  replied to Gandhi’s wire of February 1, saying the Bill nowhere excluded appeal to  law courts; system of domicile certificates all over Union was quite impossible; Section 8  of the Bill regarding sworn declarations required in OFS was being considered. Appealed to  Gandhi to persuade his compatriots to accept Bill.

1912

February

 

In reply to above,  Gandhi wired asking for amendment in Bill to secure existing legal rights regarding  inter provincial immigration of educated Asiatic; said he would still postpone public  action pending reply.

1912

February

8

Smuts replied that he  hoped to give satisfactory assurances regarding above.

1912

February

 

Gandhi wired that  nothing short of assurance of retaining existing legal position would do. Reserved right  to criticize Bill regarding other features not covered by Provisional settlement.

1912

February

9

Natal division of  Supreme Court confirmed magistrate’s decision that N. Mudaly was liable to pay £ 3  tax in spite of having centered on contract of service on expiry of indentures.

1912

February

10

Gandhi, waiting in Indian  Opinion, severely criticized UIRB (1912) for its policy of Asiatic exclusion and for  interfering with vested rights. Hoped Government would sympathetically consider Indian  protests.

1912

February

11

At Kimberley, mass  meeting of Indians held to protest against the bill.

1912

February

12

Gandhi received H.  Kallenbach at Krugersdorp on his return from Europe.

1912

February

13

In TVL Supreme Court,  appeal of Fatima Jussat against Barberton magistrate’s refusal to allow her entry  dismissed by Justice Wessels on ground that a Mahomedan could bring in only one wife.

1912

February

15

Gandhi wrote to E.F.C.  Lane that he still awaited reply and that he intended to take legal opinion regarding UIRB  (1912) in matter of appeal to law courts.

1912

February

 

Wrote to R.  Gregorowski seeking legal opinion on certain provisions of the Bill.

1912

February

 

BIA and Hamidia  Islamic Society wired Minister of Interior seeking his intervention in Fatima  Jussat’s case.

1912

February

Before 17

Petition setting forth  Cape Indians’ objections to UIRB (1912) submitted to the Senate and House of  Assembly.

1912

February

17

Gandhi commented in Indian  Opinion on Supreme Court judgment on N. Mudaly’s appeal.

1912

February

18

Sorabji Shapurji  arrived from India.

1912

February

19

In House of Lords,  Lord Ampthill raised debate on TVL Indians.

1912

February

21

Gandhi telegraphed  Registrar of Asiatic regarding visiting permits for Khoja representatives of the Aga Khan.

1912

February

22

L.W. Ritch and A.M.  Bhyat summoned by Supreme Court in connection with the Boksburg Stands.

1912

February

24

Gandhi wrote to E.F.C.  Lane informing him of Counsel’s opinion that UIRB (1912) ousted jurisdiction of law  courts, except by way of mandamus and took away certain existing rights; requested  that the defects might be remedied.

1912

February

27

In imperial  Legislative Council, Calcutta, Gokhale asked questions regarding indentured laborers in  Natal.

1912

February

29

BIA wired reminder to  Minister of Interior regarding Fatima Jussat’s case.

1912

March

2

BIA informed  telegraphically by Minister of Interior that Fatima Jussat’s case did not warrant his  intervention.

1912

March

4

At All-India Muslim  League session in Calcutta, resolution passed regarding South African Indians; H.S.L.  Polak also spoke.

1912

March

 

In Imperial  Legislative Council, Calcutta, Gokhale’s resolution on total abolition of indentured  labor for Colonies defeated by 11 votes.

1912

March

5

BIA wrote to Secretary  for Interior again seeking intervention in Fatima Jussat’s case.

1912

March

7

In Imperial  Legislative Council, Calcutta, Gokhale asked question on removal of Indians from Vrededrop  Township.

1912

March

9

Gandhi, writing in Indian  Opinion, deplored refusal of Colonial Office to intervene in the case of Indian minor,  Nathalia, who had been refused entry into Natal; also called on Indians to fight against  deportation of Fatima Jussat.

1912

March

 

At Johannesburg  farewell to Pragji Khandubhai Desai and Surendrarai Medh, commended their work at  satyagrahis.

1912

March

13

In letters to BIA and  Hamidia Islamic Society Minister refused to reconsider his decision in Fatima  Jussat’s case.

1912

March

16

Gandhi, writing in Indian  Opinion, commended Gokhale’s efforts to get resolution on total abolition of  indenture passed in the Imperial legislative Council.

1912

March

26

Meeting of Indian  South African League held in Madras passed resolutions regarding ill-treatment of Indians  in South Africa, UIRB (1912) and ending of system of indenture.

1912

March

?

White Paper containing  correspondence between Union and Imperial Governments regarding position of British  Indians under Gold Law and Townships Act published in London.

1912

April

 

Gandhi , in public  letter to Ratan Tata, gave account of receipts and expenditure of Passive Resistance  funds.

1912

April

2

At Pretoria, white  league congress pledged itself to preventing equality between whites and Colored persons.

1912

April

4

Gandhi, writing to  E.F.C. Lane, inquired whether UIRB (1912) would come up that session or be abandoned.

1912

April

11

Writing to E.F.C.  Lane, drew attention to remark of Acting Secretary for Interior and hoped this would not  mean exclusion of educated persons from OFS.

1912

April

15

The Titanic sank in the Atlantic.

1912

April

19

H.S.L. Polak wrote to  Government of India regarding rights of Indian owners of property in South Africa,  specially in Boksburg, and regarding entry of Mahomedan wives into South Africa.

1912

April

24

Magistrate Jordan at  Johannesburg, in case of Hassin Mahomed’s wife, declared that her marriage could not  be considered valid and she had no right to be in TVL.

1912

April

27

H.S.L. Polak wrote to  Government of India regarding Germiston Location.

1912

April

28

Gandhi, A. M.  Cachalia, L.W.Ritch, Sorabji Shapurji, Thambi Naidoo and others spoke at meeting held in  Germiston Location.

1912

April

29

In House of Commons,  question asked regarding Nathalia’s case.

1912

May

Before 4

In letter to Sporting  Star Gandhi opposed division of Asiatics into higher and lower classes for purposes of  admission to the Wanderers Ground.

1912

May

 

Reelected patron of  the Natal Indian Football Association.

1912

May

11

Writing in Indian  Opinion, condemned Magistrate Jordan’s decision disallowing wives of polygamous  marriage from entering TVL.

1912

May

14

Letter from E.F.C.  Lane enclosing proposed change in Section 28 of UIRB (1912) concerning sworn declaration  required in OFS and informing Gandhi of Smuts’ intention to settle the question of  domicile.

1912

May

16

Gandhi criticized TVL  Provincial Council’s decision to refuse separate school for Indians at Johannesburg.

1912

May

 

In House of Commons,  question asked regarding quit notice served on Germiston Indians; Colonial Secretary  expressed inability to interfere.

1912

May

21

Gandhi, replying to  E.F.C. Lane, expressed satisfaction that Government were willing to settle the difficulty  about declaration in OFS and about domicile rights under UIRB (1912).

1912

May

30

Second reading of the  Bill moved in Union Assembly.

1912

May

31

Gandhi wrote to E.F.C.  Lane regarding inter provincial movement of educated Indians under the Bill.

1912

June

Before 1

Cape British Indian  Union’s petition regarding trading license presented in House of Assembly.

1912

June

1

Writing in Indian  Opinion on "An Unfortunate Case" Gandhi described the cruel treatment of an  indentured Indian woman by her employer and condemned the whole indenture system.

1912

June

6

Case against L.W.  Ritch and A.M. Bhyat heard in Supreme Court, Pretoria.

1912

June

7

Gandhi sent to  Pretoria and met M. Chamney and E.F.C. Lane.

1912

June

22

In Union Assembly  debate on second reading of UIRB (1912) Smuts expressed Government’s keenness to pass  measure, if possible, that session.

1912

June

24

Union Parliament  prorogued until September 23, 1912 and bill shelved.

1912

June

25

Gandhi telegraphed  Secretary for Interior inquiring about Government’s intentions regarding the Bill and  future of Provisional Settlement in view of prorogation of Parliament.

1912

June

26

Gandhi wired SABIC  regarding notices served on European owners of Vrededorp Stands to remove Asiatic  occupants within three months.

1912

June

 

Spoke at meeting of  Tamil Benefit Society on UIRB (1912) .

1912

June

27

Meeting of Cape  British Indian Union held to discuss situation arising from shelving of the Bill.

1912

June

28

Arrived in Durban.

1912

June

 

Spoke at Durban  farewell to Dawad Mahomed and other Haj pilgrims.

1912

June

30

Presided at  Prize-giving ceremony at H.L. Paul’s Indian Educational Institute at Durban.

1912

July

3

Gandhi saw off Dawad  Mahomed who left for Mecca. H.S.L. Polak wrote to Government of India regarding Indian  education in Natal.

1912

July

 

Gandhi left Durban for  Johannesburg.

1912

July

Before 6

In case regarding  Boksburg Stands, Supreme Court decided against L.W. Ritch and A.M. Bhyat; ordered Ritch to  deliver possession of Stands and ejected Bhyat.

1912

July

6

Gandhi wrote to E.F.C.  Lane inquiring about Government’s intentions regarding UIRB (1912) and future of  Provisional settlement.

1912

July

7

Arrived in  Johannesburg from Durban.

1912

July

11

Met M. Chamney,  Registrar of Asiatics.

1912

July

Before  13

Cousins appointed  Acting Immigration Officer, Natal.

1912

July

13

Gandhi, in Indian  Opinion, criticized Dr. Murison’s statement that Indians were given to lying.

1912

July

 

Condemned the circular  issued by the Natal Immigration officer, Cousins, laying down evidence required for entry  of Indian wives.

1912

July

 

Advised Natal Indian  Congress to fight about stoppage of issue of domicile certificates.

1912

July

16

Informed by Acting  Secretary for Interior that Government would introduce amended measure next session;  meanwhile, administration of existing legislation would continue.

1912

July

17

In reply to Secretary  for Interior, said he understood Provisional Settlement would continue pending passage of  satisfactory legislation and therefore a certain number of educated Asiatics would be  admitted for the year; would submit names on confirmation.

1912

July

 

In House of Lords,  Lord Ampthill gave instances of violation of spirit of Provisional Settlement; said  Abraham Fischer [who had replaced Smuts as Minister of Interior] was less amicable towards  Indians than Smuts.

1912

July

19

Acting Secretary for  Interior confirmed that previous year’s Provisional Settlement would continue pending  passage of legislation and six educated Indians would be admitted for the year.

1912

July

20

Gandhi, in Indian  Opinion, again criticized Natal Immigration Officer, Cousins, for wanting fresh proof  from those returning from i1; desired Natal Indian Congress to take up matter.

1912

July

 

Advised Indians to  render Dr. Murison all help and not conceal cases.

1912

July

21

Spoke at meeting in  Johannesburg held to mourn death of Mrs. Tilak.

1912

July

22

Wrote to Registrar of  Asiatics demanding that waiting accommodation be provided for Indians with business in his  office.

1912

July

 

Wrote to Secretary for  Interior requesting that R.M. Sodha be issued trading license without being asked to  produce registration certificate.

1912

July

 

Spoke at Johannesburg  farewell party for V.A. Chettiar.

1912

July

23

Met M. Chamney.

1912

July

25

Gokhale cabled Gandhi  that he would sail from England for South Africa on October 5.

1912

July

26

Gandhi informed by M.  Chamney that no accommodations for Indians visiting his office could be provided.

1912

July

 

Natal Indian Congress  wrote to Secretary for Interior protesting against circular issued by Immigration Office  Cousins requiring proofs of marriage from immigrant Indian wives.

1912

July

 

Manilal Doctor left  Cape for Fiji.

1912

July

29

Gandhi wrote to  Registrar of Asiatic again regarding waiting accommodation at his office.

1912

July

30

Gokhale appointed  member of Royal Commission on Indian Public Services.

1912

July

31

A.O. Hume died.

1912

August

1

Gandhi spoke at  banquet given by Johannesburg Tamil Community to V.A. Chettiar.

1912

August

 

Wrote to Minister of  Interior regarding right of educated persons to earn livelihood; asked for decision  regarding trading license for R.M. Sodha.

1912

August

10

Went to Roodepoort and  Krugersdorp with A.M. Cachalia.

1912

August

 

Writing in Indian  Opinion, called on Indians to unite in according fitting welcome to Gokhale on his  arrival in South Africa.

1912

August

11

Returned to Tolstoy  Farm.

1912

August

16

Registrar of Asiatics  informed Gandhi that R.M. Sodha and other specially exempted educated Asiatics could not  be issued trading licences pending legislation validating their residence.

1912

August

17

Writing in Indian  Opinion, drew attention of Indians to report of a second outbreak of smallpox in  Johannesburg and called for help to Dr. Porter in fighting the disease.

1912

August

22

Spoke at Johannesburg  Theosophical Lodge.

1912

August

 

In interview to The  Transvaal Leader opposed compulsory segregation of Colored races as measure to check  smallpox.

1912

August

25

Spoke at BIA meeting  held to arrange welcome to Gokhale; announced Age Khan’s intention to visit South  Africa and East Africa.

1912

August

30

Left for Durban with  Kasturba and others.

1912

August

31

Arrived at Durban;  proceeded to Phoenix.

1912

August

 

Wrote in Indian  Opinion on the late AO. Hume.

1912

August

 

Commented on the case  of five Indians returning to Cape Town, who were refused entry because the ship bringing  them had been delayed by bad weather.

1912

September

4

H.S.L. Polak and Mrs.  Polak arrived in Durban from India.

1912

September

7

Gandhi, in Indian  Opinion, commended work done by H.S.L. Polak in India.

1912

September

12

In Johannesburg  Magistrate’s court, proceedings commenced to compel whites to eject Colored tenants  from Stands at Vrededorp.

1912

September

14

Phoenix trust Deed  published in Indian Opinion. Gandhi, writing in Indian Opinion, criticized  illegal actions of Natal Immigration Officer, Cousins, regarding Indians seeking entry.

1912

September

 

Announced intention to  discontinue advertisements in Indian Opinion.

1912

September

 

Left Durban for  Johannesburg.

1912

October

5

Gokhale left England  for South Africa.

1912

October

8

Montenegro declared  war on turkey.

1912

October

9

Gandhi met M. Chamney.

1912

October

16

In letter to Harilal  Gandhi, explained why he chose Sorabji Shapurji rather than him for study of law in  England.

1912

October

18

Left for Cape with H.  Kallenbach and others.

1912

October

20

Arrived in the Cape.

1912

October

21

Met Cousins.

1912

October

 

Gokhale Reception  Committee wrote to Botha to suspend £ 3 tax on ex-indentured Indians in view of  Gokhale’s approaching visit.

1912

October

22

Gokhale arrived in  Cape Town.

1912

October

 

Reception in City  Hall; Mayor presided. General address read by Dr. A.H. Gool. Addresses presented by Hindu  Association, Konkney Muslim League and Tamil Community. Speeches by Gandhi, W.P. Schreiner  and Dr. Abdurrahman. Speech in reply by Gokhale.

1912

October

 

Gandhi, in interview  to Cape Argus, said Gokhale would investigate the whole Indian question in South  Africa.

1912

October

23

Gokhale had interviews  with W.P. Schreiner and Sir Fredric Smith. Also met Reception Committee; discussed  grievances.

1912

October

24

Interview with John X.  Merriman at Civil Service Club.

1912

October

 

Left for Kimberley,  accompanied by Gandhi.

1912

October

 

Deputation of Indians  at Wellington.

1912

October

25

At De Aar, deputation  of Indians. Met Mrs. Cronwright Schreiner (Olive Schreiner).

1912

October

 

Special train from  Kimberley with 200 Indians met Gokhale’s train at Modder river.

1912

October

 

Reception at  Beaconsfield by Mayor and others.

1912

October

 

Reached Kimberley at  5.30 p.m. Received by Mayor and others.

1912

October

 

Reception in town Hall  Mayor presiding. Gandhi addressed gathering.

1912

October

26

Visit to the mines.

1912

October

 

J. McLaren called to  state Bloemfontein Indians’ grievances. Banquet in City hall at 8.45 p.m. with Mayor  of Beaconsfield in chair; Gandhi spoke.

1912

October

27

Indian Reception at  Constantia Hall.

1912

October

 

In evening, Gokhale  and Gandhi left Kimberley at 6 p.m. Presentation of addresses at Windsorton, Christiana  and Bloemhof. Leading Europeans present at all these places.

1912

October

28

At Klerksdorp, met by  special train from Johannesburg carrying over 200 persons. Reception and Exchange hall at  6.30 a.m., with Mayor presiding. Statement of grievances by British Indians.

1912

October

 

Reached Potchefstroom,  8.30 a.m. Reception and addresses at the Town Gardens.

1912

October

 

Reached Krugersdorp,  2.00 p.m. Received by Mayor; presentation of addresses at station. Drove to Indian  Location, Burghersdorp.

1912

October

 

Reached Johannesburg,  4.00 p.m. Received by Mayor at station. Addresses presented by BIA (read out by Gandhi),  by Johannesburg Hindus, Hamidia Islamic Society, Tamil Benefit Society, Patidar  Association, Pietersburg Indians and Cradock Indians.

1912

October

29

Reception to Gokhale  at Carlton Hotel by Johannesburg European Committee. Speeches by Patrick Duncan, Drummond  Chaplin and William Hosken. Gokhale, in reply, explained the object of his mission to  South Africa.

1912

October

30

Creswell and other  M.L.A.’s and Portuguese Consul called on Gokhale.

1912

October

 

The Transvaal  Leader representative interviewed Gandhi and Gokhale.

1912

October

 

Gokhale received  Parsee deputation.

1912

October

 

In afternoon, Gokhale  and Gandhi attended conference at William Hosken’s House.

1912

October

31

Banquet at Masonic  hall by BIA, with the Mayor presiding. Speeches by Mayor Ellis, William Hosken, Patrick  Duncan, J.J. Doke, L.W. Ritch, Gokhale and Gandhi.

1912

November

1

Gokhale entertained by  Chinese Association.

1912

November

 

Interviewed Pathan  Deputation, Essop Mid Deputation, Habib Motan Deputation, Merchant’s Deputation.

1912

November

 

Reception by TVL  Women’s Association; addressed presented by Mrs. Vogl.

1912

November

 

Indian meeting at  Drill Hall.

1912

November

2

Gokhale and Gandhi  left for Tolstoy Farm.

1912

November

3

Gandhi wrote to  Srinivasa Sastri regarding Gokhale’s visit and his proposed departure for India.

1912

November

5

Gokhale, with Gandhi,  returned to Johannesburg after two days’ rest at Tolstoy Farm.

1912

November

 

Tea at Drummond  Chaplin’s; met Sir Percy Fitzpatrick.

1912

November

6

Visited Germiston and  Boksburg Locations.

1912

November

 

Called on Ellis.

1912

November

 

Left for Natal.

1912

November

7

Addresses presented at  Newcastle and Dundee Received people at Ladysmith.

1912

November

 

Arrived in Maritzburg.  Reception in Town Hall; Gandhi spoke.

1912

November

8

Discussed  Indians’ grievances at meeting in India High School.

1912

November

 

Interview with  Licensing Officer.

1912

November

 

Luncheon at Camden  Hotel by Maritzburg Reception Committee; Gandhi spoke.

1912

November

 

In afternoon, left by  special train for Durban.

1912

November

 

Arrived in Durban.  Received at station by Mayor, Chief Magistrate and others. Procession to Mr. Moosa’s  house.

1912

November

 

In evening, reception  at town Hall with Mayor presiding.

1912

November

 

Speeches by Mayor and  others. Addresses presented. Gandhi also spoke.

1912

November

9

Merchants’  Deputation.

1912

November

 

Distributed prizes at  Childrens’ Sports at Albert Park.

1912

November

10

In morning, heard  grievances of £ 3 taxpayers at meeting at Lord’s ground.

1912

November

 

In afternoon, went by  special train to Isipingo, returning at 5 p.m.

1912

November

 

In evening, motored to  Phoenix.

1912

November

11

Left Phoenix in  afternoon and returned to Durban.

1912

November

 

In evening, banquet in  Drill Hall, Sir David Hunter presiding; Gandhi also spoke.

1912

November

12

Visited Syndenham  College. Met Chamber of Commerce.

1912

November

 

Visited Mount  Edgecombe; met indentured Indians there.

1912

November

 

Attended Reception  Committee meeting held to thank Parsee Rustomjee.

1912

November

 

Left for Pretoria.

1912

November

13

On the way, addresses  presented at Volksrust, Standerton and Heidelburg.

1912

November

 

In evening, reached  Pretoria. Received at station by Deputy Mayor, M. Chamney and others.

1912

November

14

In morning, interview  with Ministers-Botha, Smuts and Fischer.

1912

November

 

In evening, Reception  at Town Hall; Gandhi also spoke.

1912

November

15

In morning, motored to  Johannesburg to see Wyndham.

1912

November

 

Lunch with governor  General.

1912

November

 

In afternoon, left for  Lawley.

1912

November

16

Governor General sent  to Imperial Government confidential minute regarding his talk with Gokhale.

1912

November

17

Gokhale and Gandhi met  Sir Thomas Smartt at Chaplin’s house.

1912

November

 

Called on Chairman,  Hamidia Islamic Society, Chairman, Patidar Association and Mr. Phillips.

1912

November

 

Left for Lourenco  Marques, 8.45 p.m.

1912

November

18

Banquet at Lourenco  Marques; Gandhi also spoke.

1912

November

 

Took steamer for  Beira.

1912

November

20

Arrived in Beira.

1912

November

21

Address presented at  Beira.

1912

November

23

Left Beira.

1912

November

25

Arrived in Mozambique.  Addressed in the city.

1912

November

 

In afternoon, left  Mozambique.

1912

November

26

On board ship, Gandhi  promised Gokhale he would not leave for India without arranging for work to be carried on  in South Africa in his absence; affairs would probably be left in H.S.L. Polak’s  hands.

1912

November

27

Arrived in Zanzibar.  Visited city. Function in Victoria Gardens.

1912

November

28

Addressed presented in  city in afternoon.

1912

November

 

Gokhale, Gandhi and H.  Kallenbach sailed by s.s. President.

1912

November

29

In morning, reached  Tongaat.

1912

November

 

In afternoon, parted  from Gokhale.

1912

November

 

Gandhi and  H.Kallenbach boarded s.s. Trebora, traveling deck class.

1912

November

30

Gandhi and H.  Kallenbach reached Zanzibar.

1912

December

1

Reached Dar-Es-Salaam.  Landed. Gandhi wore Indian dress.

1912

December

3

Address presented in  Dar-Es-Salaam.

1912

December

6

Left Dar-Es-Salaam.

1912

December

7

Arrived in Mozambique.

1912

December

8

Left Mozambique.

1912

December

13

Gandhi arrived in  Delagoa Bay. Detained before being permitted to land.

1912

December

 

Gokhale reached  Bombay.

1912

December

14

Gandhi arrived in  Johannesburg and went to Lawley.

1912

December

 

At Bombay, Gokhale  addressed public meeting on position and problems of Indians in South Africa.

1912

December

18

Gandhi left for  Durban.

1912

December

21

Interview with Sir  John Hulett in Durban.

1912

December

22

The Dayal brothers,  coming from India to the Transvaal along with their wives, disallowed landing at Durban by  Immigration Officer, Cousins.

1912

December

28

Gokhale’s  resolution demanding total abolition of indenture system passed at Indian National  Congress at Bankipore.

1912

December

 

Writing in Indian  Opinion, Gandhi condemned terrorist’s attempt at Delhi on Lord Hardinge’s  life.

1912

December

30

Agjee and Ameappan,  both having remarried, and returning from India, reached Durban. Agjee’s wife  disallowed to land and Ameappan’s wife refused admission.