For a World of Peace and Nonviolence!

CHRONOLOGY 1911

1911

January

3

In Viceroy’s  legislative Council at Calcutta, Indian Government announced decision to prohibit further  emigration of indentured Indians to Natal. Gokhale expressed gratitude.

1911

January

7

Natal Indian Congress  thanked Government of India and Gokhale for ending recruitment of indentured labor for  South Africa.

1911

January

9

With T. Naidoo, Gandhi  met prisoners released at Diepkloof.

1911

January

11

Mrs. Rambhabai Sodha  sentenced to fine to £ 10 and one month’s simple imprisonment. Later released on  bail on notice of appeal.

1911

January

19

Passive resister  Quinn, Royeppen and others sentenced.

1911

January

25

In case of Mahmud  Chhotabhai, Chief Justice Lord de Villiers, in Appellate Division of Supreme Court,  declared expulsion order null and void and ordered Registrar of Asiatics to issue  registration certificate. He observed: "…the maintenance of liberty of the  subject was of more importance than the prevention of undesirable immigration."

1911

January

30

In banquet speech at  Guidhall, London, Duke of Connaught expressed hope of early settlement of question of  Indians in South Africa.

1911

February

1

New regulations of  South African Railway came into force.

1911

February

14

Minister of Interior  turned down request of Natal Indian Congress to alter Natal law and exempt Indian women  from payment of £ 3 tax.

1911

February

19

All-India Muslim  League, London, wrote to Under Secretary of State for Colonies about South African  Indians’ grievances.

1911

February

20

Chairman, BIA, wrote  against new railway regulations to Acting General Manager, South African railways.

1911

February

24

Writing to Times of  Natal, Polak condemned slavery in Natal.

1911

February

25

Union of South Africa Government  Gazette Extraordinary published text of Immigrants’ Restriction Bill (1911).

1911

February

 

Indentured Indian  laborers of a Stanger estate-owner offered passive resistance.

1911

February

27

Stanger passive  resisters sentenced and sent to prison.

1911

February

28

Protector of Indian  Immigrants secured release of Stanger men.

1911

February

 

Smuts told Parliament  that Asiatics belonged to an ancient race and they could not be generally treated as  barbarians.

1911

March

1

First reading of  Immigrants’ Restriction Bill.

1911

March

 

In letter to P.S. to  Minister of Interior, Gandhi sought clarification whether under Section 1 of new Bill  Asiatics who might pass education test could enter and remain in Transvaal without being  liable to take out registration under Act 36, 1908.

1911

March

 

Wrote to R.  Gregorowski, a Johannesburg lawyer, seeking opinion on interpretation of Immigrants’  Restriction Bill.

1911

March

4

Lane in reply to  Gandhi’s letter stated that Asiatics admitted as immigrants under new Immigration  Bill "would not fall under registration laws and would not be restricted to  provincial limits".

1911

March

 

In letter to Lane,  Gandhi requested that new Bill be so amended in Committed as to make the assurance given  "absolutely clear".

1911

March

 

He also sought legal  protection for wives and minor children of registered Asiatics.

1911

March

9

Natal Indian Congress  meeting passed resolution against Immigration Bill.

1911

March

11

Chairman, BIA, sent  telegram to Member of Parliament at Cape town requesting that new Immigration Bill be so  amended as to cover objections raised by BIA.

1911

March

 

In cable to Natesan,  Gokhale and SABIC (London), Gandhi said new Bill was satisfactory in principle because it  recognized legal equality and would end passive resistance if amended to exempt educated  Indians from operation of Registration Act and to protect minor children and wives.

1911

March

12

Mass meeting of  Indians at Cape Town protested against Immigration Bill.

1911

March

13

Minister of Interior  moved second reading of Immigration Bill in Assembly.

1911

March

15

Petitions of Cape,  Natal and Transvaal Indians presented to Parliament.

1911

March

16

In letter to Pretoria  News, Gandhi clarified misunderstanding created by his interview.

1911

March

17

Sent telegram to P.S.  to Smuts regarding amendment of new Bill.

1911

March

18

In telegram sent by  Acting Chairman, Chinese Association, to Secretary to Minister of Interior, the Chinese  joined hands with BIA in request for amendment of Immigrants’ Restriction Bill to  remove color or racial bar, to afford protection to wives and minor children of legal  residents and to provide for entry of a limited number of cultured Chinese into Union.

1911

March

20

Gandhi sent telegram  and wrote to P.S. to Smuts regarding relief under new Immigration Bill. Natal Indian  Congress in telegram to P.S. to Minister of Interior opposed amendment to new Bill  imposing racial bar against entry into Orange Free State of Asiatics admitted into Union  under education test.

1911

March

21

Lane telegraphed  Gandhi that Smuts would favorably consider question of providing for women and children  of persons lawfully resident, but regarded Gandhi’s attitude of Free State question  as "unfair".

1911

March

22

Gandhi telegraphed  reply to P.S. to Minister of Interior on Free State Question.

1911

March

23

European British  Indian Committee meeting at Johannesburg approved Gandhi’s latest correspondence with  Minister of Interior regarding new Immigration Bill and urged Government to accept  proposed solution.

1911

March

24

P.S. to Smuts informed  Gandhi that there would be "no color or racial bar of any kind whatsoever appearing  in Immigration Bill or any amendment which the Government intend to move". Regarding  Orange Free State, Smuts proposed leaving situation as it was under existing law of  Province.

1911

March

 

In telegram to P.S. to  Smuts, Gandhi said racial bar would certainly be created if educated Asiatic immigrants  were upon entering Orange Free State confronted with Asiatic registration law.

1911

March

25

Left for Cape Town.

1911

March

26

Durban mass meeting  under auspices of Natal Indian Congress protested against new Immigration Bill.

1911

March

27

Gandhi’s  interview with Smuts at Cape Town.

1911

March

29

Natal Indian Congress  in telegram to Finance Minister protested against new Poll-tax Bill.

1911

March

 

In letter to Lane,  Gandhi said amendments to be moved regarding domicile, marriage and parental relationship  by Smuts to Immigration Bill requesting evidence to be furnished to immigration offer  might "open the door to favoritism, corruption and bribery".

1911

March

Before  30

Interview to Cape  Argus.

1911

March

30

Gandhi spoke at  meeting of Cape Town United Hindu Association held in honor of L.W. Ritch and himself.

1911

April

Before 1

In Klerksdrop,  European owners of Stands, as ordered by Public Prosecutor under gold law, served notices  of eviction on Indian tenants.

1911

April

1

Government of India  issued notification prohibiting recruitment of indentured labor for South Africa with  effect from July 1911.

1911

April

2

Gandhi attended  meeting of Cape British Indian Union held to demand changes in Union Immigrants’  Restriction Bill (UIRB henceforth) so as to protect Cape rights.

1911

April

5

In letter to L.W.  Ritch, Gandhi expressed feeling that UIRB would not be passed without the amendment asked  for. Wrote to Maud Polak about hardship to Transvaal (TVL henceforth) Indians under the  gold law and about Klerksdrop persecution.

1911

April

 

In Natal Provincial  Council, G.H. Hulett moved resolution seeking Union legislation to grant Provincial  Council control over issue of trading licences.

1911

April

6

In Union Parliament,  T.L. Schreiner asked for abolition of £ 3 tax consequent upon the stoppage of indenture.  General Smuts, answering, refused to interfere and informed House that attitude in India  being discouraging very few indentured Indian might come to Natal before July 1.

1911

April

7

Gandhi sent to E.F.C.  Lane his alternative proposals for ending TVL struggle; either amendment of UIRB to  exempt educated immigrants from operation of TVL registration law and Clauses 1 to 6 of  Orange Free State (OFS henceforth) Constitution, and protection of existing rights,  especially of wives and minors, or dropping of UIRB and amendment of Transvaal  Immigrants’ Restriction Act (TIRA henceforth).

1911

April

8

Sought confirmation  from E.F.C. Lane that six educated Indians a year would be allowed to enter Union or TVL,  whichever of his two proposals be adopted.

1911

April

11

Deputation of Durban  Indian leaders met Mayor to discuss position of Indian during Coronation celebrations.

1911

April

15

L.W. Ritch commenced  legal practice in Gandhi’s Johannesburg office.

1911

April

17

Joseph Royeppen, Leung  Quinn and other passive registers released.

1911

April

19

Smuts, in interview,  told Gandhi he would pass UIRB in current or following session; explained why "we do  not want Asia to come in" and appealed for peace; asked Gandhi to agree to the  Governor General having power to make regulations regarding education test; assured him  Mrs. Sodha would not be arrested should her appeal fail.

1911

April

 

In letter to Smuts,  Gandhi urged him to settle the question of the entry of six educated Indians a year so  that passive resistance could be suspended.

1911

April

20

Communicated to E.F.C.  Lane unwillingness of Natal Indian Congress, British Indian Association (BIA henceforth)  and Cape Indians to cease passive resistance unless TVL problem was settled. Expressed  hope that his alternative solution would still be adopted during session and asked for  Smuts’ decision.

1911

April

21

E.F.C. Lane informed  Gandhi that Government could not proceed with UIRB during the current session; Government  keenly desired solution of "vexed question" and would deliberate over a  settlement during the recess; meanwhile Indians should stop passive resistance.

1911

April

 

Gandhi met E.F.C.  Lane. Told him passive resistance could be suspended if certain assurances were given.  Lane telephoned Smuts who agreed to some assurances being given.

1911

April

22

Gandhi, in letter,  informed E.F.C. Lane that passive resistance could be suspended provided Smuts gave  certain assurances.

1911

April

 

Smuts, in reply to  above, expressed intention to introduce legislation, during following session, which  would: (a) repeal Act 2 of 1907 (TARA henceforth), subject to reservation of rights of  minor children; (b) give legal equality for all immigrants; (c) empower registration of  passive resisters who, but for their resistance, would have been entitled to it, anything  under Act 36 of 1909 (TARAA henceforth) not withstanding(d) empower the regularization of  issue of temporary certificates to educated passive resister (not more than five or six)  then in TVL. Smuts added that if Gandhi gave assurance of suspension of passive resistance  he would ask Governor General to favorably consider releasing passive resistances  prisoners.

1911

April

 

Appeal of Rambhabai  Sodha dismissed by Court.

1911

April

24

Gandhi, speaking at  Kimberley meeting of Indians, said they were "nearing a solution of the difficult  question".

1911

April

25

Smuts withdrew UIRB in  Union Assembly.

1911

April

26

Gandhi returned to  Johannesburg.

1911

April

27

At meeting of Indians  in Johannesburg, Gandhi explained correspondence with Smuts regarding Provisional  Settlement and advised acceptance of proposals. Meeting decided (a) to call off passive  resistance if Smuts fulfilled his pledges; (b) to send H.S.L. Polak to England in place of  Gandhi and A.M. Cachalia.

1911

April

 

Indian Opinion announced  that TVL Chinese had decided to accept proposals for Provisional Settlement.

1911

April

28

Gandhi, in interview  to The Star about Provisional Settlement, announced intention to retire from public  life after finalization of settlement.

1911

April

29

Gandhi met E.F.C.  Lane.

1911

April

 

Gave, in letter to  E.F.C. Lane, British Indians’ interpretation of the terms of the settlement and  sought Smuts’ confirmation; made request for R.M. Sodha being allowed to register,  for reinstatement of Government servant, who had been removed for passive resistance, for  release of Chinese prisoners, etc.

1911

May

1

BIA petitioned  Secretary of State for Colonies regarding grievances of TVL Indians, including those  arising from law 3 of 1885, the gold law and Townships Act.

1911

May

 

Gandhi addressed  Vrededrop farewell meeting for Joseph Royeppen.

1911

May

3(?)

Gandhi met Smuts.

1911

May

4

Wrote to E.F.C. Lane  regarding categories of Indians and Chinese who might apply for voluntary registration.

1911

May

 

Wrote to A.E.  Chotabhai thanking him for £ 300 sent for professional services in connection with his  son’s case and saying he intended to hand over Phoenix to trustees and would use sum  for school there.

1911

May

Before 8

Harilal Gandhi left  home without informing Gandhi.

1911

May

8

Gandhi wrote to H.S.L.  Polak giving him estimate of expenses for his visit to England and India and telling him  of Smuts’ favorable response to demands of passive resisters. Writing to Dr.  Pranjivan Mehta, suggested that six Natal satyagrahis be educated in England at Dr.  Mehta’s expense; mentioned his resolve not to practice Law.

1911

May

15

Natal Indian Congress  addressed Memorandum to Secretary of State for Colonies regarding proposed arbitrary  education test, curtailment of existing rights in UIRB, and £ 3 tax on ex-indentured  Indians.

1911

May

 

Harilal Gandhi  returned to Tolstoy Farm from Delagoa Bay.

1911

May

16

Klerksdorp Indians  appealed to Minister of Interior for withdrawal of notices under gold law and repeal of  the Law.

1911

May

17

Transvaal Draft  Municipal Councils Ordinance (TDMCO henceforth) (Draft Local Government Ordinance)  published in Government Gazette.

1911

May

Before  18

Harilal Gandhi left  home finally for India.

1911

May

18

Gandhi wrote to  Minister of Interior asking for Smuts’ answer to his proposals regarding Provisional  Settlement contained in his letter of April 29, 1911.

1911

May

 

In House of Commons,  questioned asked regarding gold law and Townships Act and resulting hardships to TVL  Indians.

1911

May

19

Smuts informed Gandhi  that:

1911

May

 

passive resisters with  valid claims to registration, but deported under TARA or TARAA, could apply for  registration by December 31, 1911;

1911

May

 

Asiatics with valid  claims to registration, who left South Africa owing to passive resistance, though not  deported, could apply for registration provided both of above categories did not exceed  30;

1911

May

 

About 180 Chinese and  Indians in South Africa, refused registration under the voluntary system, could apply by  December 31, 1911;

1911

May

 

The seven educated  Indians now in TVL named by Gandhi would receive temporary authorization for residence  pending alteration of law, when permanent documents would be issued.

1911

May

 

Smuts also expressed  hope Asiatic community would regard acceptance of requests as final settlement and said  that on he hearing from Gandhi passive resistance prisoners would be released. Gandhi, in  reply to above, said 180 Asiatic passive resisters included also those who could not apply  under either the voluntary system or any of the Asiatic laws; construed absence of  disclaimer to terms of Provisional settlement as set forth in his letter of April 29 as  endorsement thereof and requested telegraphic reply.

1911

May

 

Wrote to Gokhale  apprising him of good results secured by passive resistance and of the hardships of  Indians in TVL, Natal and the Cape.

1911

May

20

Smuts in telegram to  Gandhi informed him that

1911

May

 

180 Asiatics included  also those who failed to apply in time on grounds of three years’ prewar residence  in TVL.

1911

May

 

Existing individual  rights would not be taken away but various provinces would be affected by future general  and uniform legislation;

1911

May

 

Well-known or educated  registered Asiatic need not give thumb or finger-impressions for taking out licences.

1911

May

 

Gandhi, in reply  conveyed acceptance of the Provisional Settlement on behalf of the BIA and gave list of  passive resisters to be released.

1911

May

After 20

Drafted statement for  proposed British Indian Deputation to Smuts.

1911

May

22

BIA published notice  in Indian Opinion asking passive resisters eligible to register under the  Provisional Settlement to submit their names to Honorary Secretary.

1911

May

23

Gandhi, in interview  to Reuter, explained Provisional Settlement.

1911

May

26

Drafted letter to  Registrar of Asiatics enclosing list of Chinese entitled to register under Provisional  Settlement and also names of three Mohammedans for special certificates.

1911

May

27

Writing in Indian  Opinion expressed satisfaction at Provisional settlement but warned that passive  resistance would be resumed if Smuts did not keep his promise to repeal TARA and amend  TIRA or if fresh anti-Asiatic legislation was introduced.

1911

May

30

In London, H.S.L.  Polak spoke on South African Indian problem at meeting of league of Honor.

1911

May

31

Gandhi wrote to G.A.  Natesan expressing satisfaction with Provisional settlement and praising Natesan’s  work.

1911

June

1

Klerksdorp Indians  informed that Minister of Interior could not make any alterations in gold law.

1911

 

 

 

1911

June

2

Gandhi at Park station  saw off R.M. Sodha, leaving for India.

1911

June

 

Five passive resisters  released under Provisional Settlement.

1911

June

 

South Africa British  Indian Committee (SABIC henceforth) wrote to Colonial Office regarding operation of gold  law and townships Act in TVL and other hardships of Indians.

1911

June

3

Gandhi, writing in Indian  Opinion set forth the achievements of Satyagraha to date.

1911

June

5

Gandhi and L.W. Ritch  addressed gathering at Johannesburg after passive resisters’ football match.

1911

June

 

BIA sent petition to  TVL Administrator and Provincial Council protesting against TDMCO.

1911

June

6

BIA wrote to Secretary  of Interior on behalf of Klerksdorp Indians regarding operation of gold law.

1911

June

9

Gandhi attended  banquet given to William Hosken in Johannesburg.

1911

June

10

Writing in Indian  Opinion, criticized TDMCO as being designed to crush Asiatic hawkers.

1911

June

15

At Roodepoort,  Tamblin, a white, charged under gold law for subletting Stand to Asiatic.

1911

June

16

Gandhi spoke at  farewell to Sorabji Shapurji in Durban.

1911

June

17

H.S.L. Polak wrote for  SABIC to Colonial Office regarding TVL Indians’ grievances, including hardships  caused by gold law and Townships Act and £ 3 tax on ex-indentured Indians.

1911

June

19

Natal Indian leaders  informed Town Clerk, Durban, that they could not participate in official coronation  festivities because of racial discrimination shown.

1911

June

 

First meeting of  Imperial Conference in London under president ship of Secretary of State for Colonies.

1911

June

19 (?):

India Office  Memorandum to Imperial Conference on position of British Indians in Dominions.

1911

June

21

Gandhi, along with  Natal Indian leaders, met Mayor of Durban regarding coronation celebrations.

1911

June

22

Coronation of King  George V. at West minister Abbey. In Durban, Indians boycotted celebrations.

1911

June

24

Gandhi, writing in Indian  Opinion affirmed loyalty to the King.

1911

June

27

Indian Immigration  Board deputation discussed with Smuts problem of finding other labor, immigration from  India having stopped.

1911

June

 

In house of Commons,  Sir William Bull asked question regarding operation of TVL gold law and Townships Act  against Indians.

1911

June

30

Justice Wessels of TVL  Division of Supreme Court in judgment ruled that no Indian could bring more than one wife  into the country and "that must be a woman who actually was a wife."

1911

July

1

Gandhi, writing in Indian  Opinion, praised H.S.L. Polak’s work in England.

1911

July

After 1

Wrote to Dr. pranjivan  Mehta seeking monetary assistance to the extent of £ 1,000 for expanding activities at  Phoenix.

1911

July

4

Wrote to Dr. Murison  regarding anti-tuberculosis work in Durban.

1911

July

5

BIA and Hamidia  Islamic society wrote to Secretary for Interior, asking whether Justice Wessels’  judgment would affect the existing practice of permitting Mahomedans to bring in more  than one wife as sanctioned by their religion.

1911

July

8

Gandhi, writing in Indian  Opinion, discussed Justice Wessels’ ruling in Bai Rasul’s case that an  Indian may bring in only one wife; said it was not possible to have in British Dominions  laws insulting to any recognized religion.

1911

July

11

At Roodepoort, Tamblin  sentenced by Magistrate to £ 2 fine or 10 days’ imprisonment under gold law for  subletting Stands to Asiatics.

1911

July

12

In House of Commons,  questions asked regarding TDMCO.

1911

July

20

Lord Ampthill and Sir  M.M. Bhownaggree wrote for SABIC ato Colonial Office regarding treatment of Indians in  Colonies and attitude of Imperial Conference; requested that General Botha be asked to  receive deputation.

1911

July

Before  22

BIA and Hamidia  Islamic society informed by Smuts that Justice Wessels’ ruling regarding immigration  of Mahomedans’ had been noted and Smuts would consider individual cases of hardship  brought to his notice.

1911

July

About  26

SABIC wrote to  Colonial Office regarding entry of Indian wives into Natal.

1911

July

28

H.S.L. Polak spoke at  Universal Races Congress in London

1911

July

31

Farewell address  signed by Gandhi and A.M. Cachalia presented to H. Kallenbach on his departure for Europe.

1911

July

 

Anti-Asiatic  Conference at Potchefstroom decided to form an organization to protect interests of whites  against Asiatic.

1911

August

 

SABIC wrote to  Colonial Office regarding entry of Indian wives into TVL.

1911

August

3

L.W.Ritch served with  notice by Krugersdorp Resident Magistrate against transferring or subletting Standards  owned by him to Colored persons and violating gold law.

1911

August

5

Gandhi, writing Indian  Opinion, advised Natal Indians to help Dr. Murison’s campaign against  tuberculosis in Durban.

1911

August

12

Wrote to Secretary for  Interior saying he would try to complete by August 21, 1911, list of passive resisters  covered by Provisional Settlement.

1911

August

 

Writing in Indian  Opinion on notice served on L.W. ritch under gold law, called on Indians to remain  firm.

1911

August

13

Addressing BIA meeting  in Johannesburg, explained that L.W. ritch was prepared to face imprisonment to protect  Indians’ rights of equitable ownership in Krugersdorp.

1911

August

14

The Times, London,  wrote on UIRB and Provisional Settlement.

1911

August

15

BIA wrote to Secretary  for Interiro seeking his intervention in preventing prosecution of L.W. Ritch for having  Colored persons on property registered in his name at Krugersdorp.

1911

August

18

Amended rules for  employment of women and children of indentured Indians published in the Union Government  Gazette.

1911

August

19

Gandhi, writing in Indian  Opinion, congratulated L.W. ritch and TVL Indians on their decision to resist  Government’s attempts to oust Indian merchants under gold law and townships Act.

1911

August

21

Forwarded to Registrar  of Asiatics revised, though not yet final, list of Indians covered by Provisional  Settlement.

1911

August

22

Union Ministers’  minutes to Governor General on £ 3 tax and TDMCO.

1911

August

28

Governor General  forwarded to Colonial Office Union Ministers’ minutes of £ 3 tax in Natal and TDMCO.

1911

August

 

TVL Division of  Supreme Court upheld appeal by Tamblin against Roodepoort Magistrate’s sentence under  gold law.

1911

September

3

Gandhi addressed  meeting at Johannesburg held to celebrate Dadabhai Naoroji’s birthday.

1911

September

5

Reuter cable announced  famine in Punjab and Rajasthan.

1911

September

6

SABIC wrote to  Colonial Office regarding harassment under gold law and Townships Act of Indian equitable  owners of property in Krugesdorp, Klerksdorp and Roodepoort.

1911

September

7

H.S.L. Polak wrote to Cape  Times regarding anti-Asiatic agitation.

1911

September

9

Gandhi, writing to  Maganlal Gandhi, declared that money spent by individuals in constructing houses on their  share of Phoenix land could not be returned to them.

1911

September

16

In Durban, Natal  Indian leaders formed "The Anti-£ 3 Tax League."

1911

September

23

Gandhi, writing in Indian  Opinion, welcomed decision of Germiston Indians to oppose move by Town Council to  prohibit their trading in Georgetown Location.

1911

September

24

In letter to Dr.  Pranjivan Mehta, said he was preparing himself for work in India.

1911

September

27

Gandhi, along with  Tolstoy Farm’s schoolboys, attended football match at Johannesburg.

1911

September

28

Italy invaded Turkish  territory.

1911

September

30

Wrote in Indian  Opinion regarding Natal Indian Congress inquiry whether he could preside at the  forthcoming session of Indian National congress, and his conditional willingness.

1911

October

1

Indians served a  month’s notice by Germiston Municipality to vacate Stands in Georgetown Location.

1911

October

 

"The Germiston  Indian Association" formed.

1911

October

2

Gandhi attended  meeting of Muslims at Johannesburg held to condemn Italy for waging war against Turkey.

1911

October

7

Wrote in letter to  Harilal Gandhi of invitation to preside at the Indian National Congress.

1911

October

8

BIA wrote to TVL  Administrator regarding Town council notice on Germiston Indians to vacate Georgetown  Location.

1911

October

10

Gandhi wrote to Dr.  Pranjivan Mehta saying it was not clear from whom the invitation to preside at the Indian  National Congress had come, but he had accepted it on condition that his presence was  really necessary and his freedom was not compromised. Said he would go to India the moment  matters were settled in South Africa.

1911

October

22

Informed Dr. Pranjivan  Mehta that cable regarding president ship of Indian National Congress was inquiry not  invitation; that he had cabled that his name be not considered. Also informed him of  Manilal doctor’s intention to attend Congress session in India.

1911

October

23

Spoke at Johannesburg  function to celebrate Gujarati New Year’s Day.

1911

October

24

Wrote to Gokhale,  requesting help for Manilal Doctor in his efforts against indenture system.

1911

October

30

Wrote to Gokhale  inviting him to visit south Africa; also explained misunderstanding over president ship of  Indian National Congress.

1911

November

6

A.M. Bhyat opened  store in Boksburg in premises registered in name of L.W. Ritch.

1911

November

8

In Boksburg, mass  meeting of whites protested against opening of store by A.M. Bhyat; asked Government to  proceed against L.W. Ritch, under Section 131 of gold law.

1911

November

11

Gandhi, in Indian  Opinion, expressed resolved to fight tooth and nail against £ 3 tax; also called for  funds to help the famine-stricken in India.

1911

November

13-15

At Bloemfontein, South  African Agricultural Union Annual Conference passed resolution urging Government to stop  issue of trading licences and transfer of land to Asiatic.

1911

November

14

Indian Opinion announced  Reuter’s news that, Gandhi having withdrawn, Pandit Bishen Narayan Dhar would be  elected President of Indian National Congress.

1911

November

 

Colonial Office  replied to part of H.S.L. Polak’s SABIC letter of June 17, saying the Union  Ministers’ minute of August 22 on the £ 3 tax correctly represented the facts, that  the legislation was passed with full consent of Imperial Government and that it supported  Union Ministers’ refusal to repeal its provisions.

1911

November

15

At Indian Women’s  Association Bazaar in Johannesburg, Gandhi read out address to Mrs. Vogl.

1911

November

18

Gandhi, in Indian  Opinion, condemned as breach of faith, Natal Government’s attempt to realize £ 3  tax from re-indentured Indians after their circular of April, 1910, granting exemption.

1911

November

 

Natal Indian Congress  wrote to Minister of justice requesting him to abide by Government circular of April,  1910, and not realize £ 3 tax from re-indentured Indians.

1911

November

25

Gandhi, in Indian  Opinion, called on Natal Indians to take steps for abolition of £ 3 tax.

1911

December

6

In House of Lords,  Lord Lamington moved for production of correspondence between Colonial Office and Union  Government regarding position of British Indians in TVL; asked for information on working  of TVL gold law, Townships Act and TDMCO.

1911

December

7

Gandhi, in letter to  E.F.C. Lane, suggested that if general legislation could not be passed in the current  session of Union Parliament, TIRA should be amended.

1911

December

8

In letter to Gokhale,  renewed invitation to visit South Africa

1911

December

9

Writing in Indian  Opinion, asked Indians to contribute liberally to Famine Relief Fund.

1911

December

20

Spoke at Chinese rally  in Johannesburg to pay homage to Alex Bonson.

1911

December

21

Wire from E.F.C. Lane  from Pretoria inviting Gandhi to meet him and see draft of new Immigration Bill [UIRB  (1992) henceforth].

1911

December

22

Gandhi saw draft of  UIRB (1912).

1911

December

On or after 26

H.S.L. Polak,  Chintamani and Sorabji Shapurji spoke at Indian National Congress in Calcutta. Resolutions  passed deploring South African Indians’ disabilities, demanding retaliatory measures  and urging Government to totally stop indenture system. Polak in his speech announced  Gokhale’s intention to visit South Africa the following year.

1911

December

30

Gandhi, in Indian  Opinion, condemned refusal of authorities to allow an Indian boy, Nathalia, entry into  Natal and called for matter to be taken to higher courts.