For a World of Peace and Nonviolence!

CHRONOLOGY 1910

1910

January

1

Indian Opinion reduced in size for  financial reasons.

1910

January

5

Gandhi attended Boksburg meeting, where  certificates were handed in to be destroyed.

1910

January

6

Rev. Charles Phillips and J.C. Gibson had  interview with Gandhi following their conversations with Lord Selborne, High Commissioner  of Transvaal.

1910

 

 

In letter to J.C. Gibson, Gandhi refuted charge  that South African movement was engineered and controlled from India and that British  Indians continually shifted their ground regarding their demands.

1910

January

7

Spoke at dinner to Joseph Royeppen and others in  Johannesburg.

1910

January

13

Gokhale wrote to Gandhi that disposal of the  sums remitted was left to the latter’s discretion.

1910

January

20

Natal Legislative Council passed Indian  Immigration (Licences) Act Amendment Bill.

1910

February

1

Joseph Royeppen, David Andrew and Samuel Joseph  tried t Volksrust and sentenced to three months’ imprisonment with hard labor.

1910

February

9

In Gandhi’s office, Mrs. Amacanoo and Mrs. Packirsamy took off their ornaments, vowing not to wear them till struggle was over.

1910

February

14

Gandhi spoke at Chinese reception at Cantonese  Club, Johannesburg, in honor of Rev. J.J. Doke, on eve of latter’s departure for  America.

1910

February

18

Spoke at banquet in Masonic Hall in honor of  Rev. Doke. Chairman, BIA, in letter to General Manager, C.S.A.R., submitted draft railway  regulations to replace those applicable to Asiatics.

1910

February

20

Gandhi addressed meeting of Natal Indian  Congress in Durban.

1910

February

23

Explained Transvaal struggle at meeting of  Kathiawad Arya Mandal, Durban.

1910

February

25

Transvaal BIA, Johannesburg, sent telegram to  Earl of Crewe on treatment of Royeppen and Rustomjee in Transvaal prisons and on  diet-scale of prisoners.

1910

 

 

Indian Legislative Council at Calcutta passed  Gokhale’s resolution to prohibit recruitment of indentured labor for Natal.

1910

February

26

Gandhi wrote in Indian Opinion supporting  the resolve of Dr. Abdurahman and Cape Colored people in view of their disfranchisement  to observe day of prince of Wales’s arrival as day of mourning.

1910

 

 

Spoke at Durban Indian Society meeting in honor  of passive resisters.

1910

March

11

Accompanied a number of passive resisters to  Transvaal to violate immigration laws.

1910

 

 

In letter to Moulvi Ahmed Mukhtiar, explained  that Phoenix debt was incurred during struggle.

1910

March

17

Told the Star representative that Indians  had come to Johannesburg not to arrest their personal rights, but to take part in  struggle.

1910

 

 

President and Secretaries of Natal Indian  Congress forwarded petition to Colonial Secretary against Indian Immigration Law Amendment  bill.

1910

March

23

Bill to amend Indian Emigration Act 1908, was  moved by Robertson in Viceroy’s Council, to give effect to Gokhale’s resolution  of February 25.

1910

March

24

Bombay Government Gazette notified that Hind  Swaraj; Universal Dawn, - Gujarati rendering of Ruskin’s Unto This Last -;  Mustafa Kamel Pasha’s Speech, - a Gujarati translation of the Egyptian  patriot’s speech delivered just before his death, in Cairo-; and Defense of  Socrates or The Story of a True Warrion - all publications of International Printing  Press - had been forfeited to His Majesty for reason that they "contain matter  declared to be seditious".

1910

April

4

Letter to Leo Tolstoy with copy of Indian  Home Rule for comment.

1910

April

8/9

Director of Transvaal Prisons replied to  Chairman, BIA, denying complaint that prisoners were sent to Diepkloof Prison to associate  them with hardened criminals, and declined to send them elsewhere and change present  diet-scale.

1910

April

12

Question on emigration of indentured Indians  from India to Natal raised in Commons by O’Grady and Rees.

1910

April

14

Fifty-nine Indians deported to India from  Transvaal by the Umhloti.

1910

 

 

Gandhi addressed letter to Attorney General  regarding Karodia case and requested Government to use judicious discretion in obtaining  warrants of arrest against Indians of standing.

1910

April

25

Wrote to Gokhale indicating how Passive  Resistance Fund was being used.

1910

May

5

Madras public meeting protested against  deportation of Indians without trial by Transvaal Government.

1910

May

5

King Edward VII passed away.

1910

May

8

Leo Tolstoy, in letter to Gandhi, commenting  upon Indian Home Rule, said question of passive resistance was of greatest  importance not only for India but for all humanity.

1910

May

10

Replying to letter from W.J. Wybergh, M.L.A.  (Transvaal ), Gandhi defended views expressed in Indian Home Rule.

1910

May

30

Wrote to H. Kallenbach expressing thanks for  offer of farm near Lawley for use of passive resisters and their families for duration of  Transvaal struggle.

1910

June

1

Union of South Africa came into being.

1910

June

2

In letter to Press, Gandhi said advent of Union  was no cause for rejoicing and described it as "a combination of hostile forces"  arrayed against Asiatics.

1910

June

10

Sir Charles Hardinge appointed Viceroy of India.

1910

June

13

Twenty-six passive resisters, deported to India  by Transvaal Government in April returned to Durban by S.S. President.

1910

June

18

In Durban, mass meeting of Indians supported  passive resistance.

1910

 

 

Report of Committee on Emigration from India to  Crown Colonies and Protectorates published.

1910

June

26

Gandhi spoke at Socialist Hall, Johannesburg ,  on "Modern v. Ancient Civilization."

1910

June

29

In Commons, O’Grady raised question of  British Indians in Transvaal and suggested Gandhi-Smuts Conference to arrange compromise.

1910

July

1

Gandhi cabled SABIC on rejection of deportees by  Natal.

1910

July

3

Appealed for gifts to help settlers at Tolstoy  Farm.

1910

July

8

BIA, Transvaal, presented address of welcome to  Lord Gladstone.

1910

July

9

In reply to Secretary of State, Lord Gladstone  communicated decision to increase daily ration of India prisoners serving sentences of up  to 3 months.

1910

July

21

Natal Government Gazette published rules  framed under Indian Immigration Law 1891, requiring employers of indentured Indian  immigrants to provide shelter for children of Indian women working in fields.

1910

 

 

Gandhi paid tribute to G.C. Natesan for his work  for passive resisters deported to India.

1910

July

22

Lord Morley (Secretary of State for India)  expressed to Lord Crawe (Secretary of State for Colonies) his profound regret at refusal  of Transvaal Ministers to make any concessions regarding observance of Ramzan in  prison or to exempt high-caste Hindu prisoners from tasks involving what they regarded as  religious defilement.

1910

July

26

In Lords, Lord Ampthill raised question of  deportation of Indians from Transvaal.

1910

July

28

BIA cabled SABIC regarding deportation of  Royeppen to Natal and Government’s attempt to make minors prohibited immigrants.

1910

July

30

Gandhi commented on Churchill’s statement  in Commons that he had given instructions that all persons imprisoned as passive resisters  or as suffragettes should be spared unnecessary degradation.

1910

August

3

Resolutions passed at London public meeting  under president ship of Sir Muncherjee Bhownaggree, protesting against treatment of Indians  domiciled in Transvaal and deportation via Mozambique.

1910

August

5

Gokhale asked questions in Indian Imperial  Council regarding Transvaal deportees.

1910

August

6

Transmitting Lord Morley’s communication of  July 22 to Lord Gladstone, Secretary of State for Colonies said that anything offending  religious susceptibilities of Indians must be a serious and permanent obstacle to  settlement.

1910

August

9

Gandhi sent rejoinder to Rand Daily  Mail’s  leader "Asiatic Exaggeration" on Lord Morley’s  reputation of harsh treatment of British Indian deportees during their unforced voyage  from Dalagoa Bay of Bombay.

1910

August

13

Colonial Office wrote to Sir Muneherjee  Bhownaggree and Ritch regarding London meeting of August 3.

1910

August

15

Gandhi wrote a letter to Tolstoy.

1910

August

23

A.E. Chhotabhai, a Krugersdrop merchant,  appealed against decision of Registrar of Asiatics refusing registration to his son on  attaining majority.

1910

 

 

Public meeting held at Victoria Hall, Madras, to  bid forewell to Transvaal deportees on eve of their departure for Transvaal. Sir S.  Subramania presided; Mrs. Annie Basent attended.

1910

August

25

Cape Town City Council passed resolution  refusing en bloc applications of Indians for trading licences.

1910

September

2

Ritch sent reply to Colonial Office letter of  August 13 regarding registration law and deportation of Indians from Transvaal.

1910

September

7

Tolstoy wrote to Gandhi, supporting passive  resistance.

1910

September

10

Gandhi commented in Indian Opinion on  Magistrate Jordan’s dismissal of Chhotabhai’s appeal and its implications for  minor Asiatics.

1910

September

13

In Supreme Court, Justice Wessels heard in  Chambers Chhotabhai’s case and dismissed it with costs, observing that, if  Government’s decision about minors be true, it were a monstrous and cruel injustice.

1910

September

17

Gandhi left for Durban to receive Polak and  passive resister deportees from India.

1910

September

20

Spoke at a meeting of Colonial-born Indians.

1910

 

 

Spoke at Kathiawad Arya Mandal meeting organized  to discuss questions of welcoming deportees.

1910

September

24

Wrote in Indian Opinion, congratulating  Dr. Bubusana on his election as member of Cape Provincial Council for Tembuland.

1910

September

26

Bluebook issued dealing with Asiatic  legislation in Transvaal up to August 8, 1910.

1910

September

28

Gandhi met Polak, who reached Durban along with  other deportees from India by S.S. Sultan.

1910

October

4

Ritch, who came from England by S.S. Saxon,  gave interview to Cape Argus.

1910

October

5

Gandhi and others spoke at reception by  Kathiawad Arya Manda, Durban, in honor of Polak and passive resisters.

1910

October

7

Cape Provincial Division of Supreme Court heard  application of President, British Indian League, Cape town, against refusal by immigration  authorities of leave to land to batch of Indians who desired to proceed to Transvaal.

1910

October

8

Gandhi wrote to Minister of Interior in  connection with landing of deportees.

1910

October

16

Death of Narayansamy.

1910

October

After  16

In letter to SABIC, Gandhi described death of  Narayansamy as "legalized murder".

1910

October

25

Wrote to Registrar of Asiatics, requesting him  to advice Principal Immigration Restriction Office to receive applications for duplicate  registration certificates from British Indians detained at Salisbury Island under court  order.

1910

November

6

After notice to Immigration Officer, reached  Volksrust with Mrs. Rambhabai Sodha, her three children and others on way from Durban to  Tolstoy Farm.

1910

November

7

Appeared in Court for Mrs. Sodha. In telegram to  Immigration Officer, said she did not seek right of permanent residence in Transvaal.

1910

November

8

Chairman, BIA, telegraphed Smuts on Mrs.  Sodha’s arrest and requested withdrawal of prosecution.

1910

November

9

Gandhi spoke at Chinese foundation in honor of  Ritch and Polak.

1910

November

10

BIA wired Minister of Interior for grant of  temporary permit to Mrs. Sodha, adding Association was anxious to avoid importing women  into struggle.

1910

November

10

BIA wired Minister of Interior for grant of  temporary permit to Mrs. Sodha, adding Association was anxious to avoid importing women  into struggle.

1910

November

11

Chhotabhai appeal dismissed by Transvaal  Provincial Division of All-India Muslim League, London, sent representation to Secretary  of State for Colonies regarding treatment of British Indians in overseas Dominions of the  Crown.

1910

November

12

Minister of Interior refused grant of even  temporary permit to Mrs. Sodha.

1910

November

14

Gandhi addressed letter to Press in connection  with Mrs. Sodha’s case.

1910

 

 

Smuts moved second reading gob Bill to  consolidate and amend laws regarding naturalization of aliens.

1910

November

Before 18

Gandhi addressed letter to members of Asiatic  Conference regarding Chhotabhai case.

1910

November

18

At Caxton Hall, London, Polak presiding,  Archdeacon Beresford Potter’s paper on "Brotherhood within the Empire - with  special reference to the British Indians in the Transvaal" was read.

1910

 

 

BIA decided not to join presentation of welcome  address to Duke of Connaught.

1910

 

 

Ratan Tata sent to Gandhi cheque for Rs.25,000  in aid of Transvaal Indians’ struggle.

1910

November

After 18

Chairman, Hamidia Islamic Society, conveyed  respectful welcome to Duke of Connaught but expressed inability to take part in public  celebration.

1910

November

19

Chairman BIA, wrote to Director of Prisons  regarding fast by Indian passive resisters in Diepkloof prison.

1910

November

20

Death of Leo Tolstoy.

1910

November

22

Chairman, BIA wrote again to Director of Prisons  regarding improper treatment of Indian passive resisters in Diepkloof prison.

1910

December

4

Gandhi spoke at Socialist Hall, Johannesburg on  Tolstoy and his message.

1910

December

9

In letter thanked G.A. Natesan for securing  donations and rendering help to deportees.

1910

December

13

Smuts stated Government’s intention to  introduce Immigration Bill for whole of South Africa which would provide suitable  opportunity to review entire immigration policy.

1910

December

14

L.W. Ritch on return from South Africa told  Reuter in interview that there appeared to be an earnest desire in South Africa to settle  Indian problem.

1910

December

15

Gandhi and others met deportees at Diepkloof  after discharge from prison.

1910

December

27

Indian National Congress at Allahabad passed  resolution expressing admiration for Transvaal Indians’ struggle, urging Government  of India to prohibit recruitment of indentured labor and protesting against South African  policy as unwise, unrighteous and dangerous to Empire.

1910

December

30

Gandhi appeared for defense in case against Mrs.  Rambhabai Sodha under Immigrants’ Restriction Act.