MAHATMA GANDHI MEDIA AND RESEARCH SERVICE

Chronology of the life and work of Mahatma Gandhi (Ghandi)

1907

1907

January

1

Natal Indian Congress  reception at Durban; Gandhi pleaded for concerted action.

1907

January

2

Visited Phoenix.  Gandhi and Ally gave account of Deputation’s work in England.

1907

January

3

Mohammedan Association  meeting at Durban; Gandhi appealed for unity and cooperation.

1907

 

 

Addressed meeting of  Natal Indian Congress.

1907

January

5

Addresses presented to  Gandhi and Ally at meeting convened by Natal Indian Congress at Durban.

1907

January

Before 12

Gandhi wrote to The  Outlook reiterating that Indians wanted civil right and not political power.

1907

 

 

Imperial Government  sanctioned Vrededorp Stands Ordinance.

1907

February

15

Gandhi appeared in  permit case on behalf of Coovadia’s minor son and secured acquittal.

1907

February

18

Churchill informed  Commons that Natal Government had been refused leave to introduce legislation excluding  Asiatics from trading licences, and that Colonial Office was in communication with that  Government regarding Act of 1897.

1907

February

19

Churchill announced in  Parliament that compensation to Indians dispossessed under Vrededorp Stands Ordinance was  subject of communication between Colonial Office and Transvaal Government.

1907

March

2

British Indian  Association protested to Registrar of Asiatics against taking of finger-impressions by  police.

1907

March

Before 8

Gandhi visited  Volksrust.

1907

March

10

Attended meeting of  British Indian Association and Anti-Indian-Law Fund Committee.

1907

March

11

Attended British  Indian mass meeting.

1907

March

19

Asiatic Registration  Bill gazetted.

1907

March

22

Asiatic Registration  Bill passed in Transvaal parliament.

1907

March

24

Gandhi attended second  meeting of British Indian Association and Anti-Indian-Law Fund Committee.

1907

March

29

Transvaal Indian mass  meeting protested against Asiatic Registration Act and offered voluntary registration.

1907

April

4

Gandhi called on  General Smuts at Pretoria and presented resolutions adopted at mass meeting of March 29.

1907

April

8

Spoke at meeting of  Natal Indian Congress in Durban.

1907

April

9

Wrote to The Natal  Advertiser correcting misstatement regarding unauthorized immigration into Colony.

1907

April

21

Elected to committee  for malaria relief at Springfield.

1907

April

24

Meeting of Members of  Parliament decided that deputations should wait on General Botha and Morley in regard to  problems of Transvaal Indians.

1907

April

29

Deputation led by Lord  Ampthill waited on General Botha, who repudiated any intention of hurting British  Indians’ feelings in the Colony by the new measure.

1907

April

30

Gandhi in letter to Indian Opinion pledged that he would oppose Asiatic Registration Act and appealed to  Indians to be steadfast in their stand.

1907

 

 

Deputation led by Sir  Henry Cotton waited on Morley, who expressed willingness to address General Botha on  modifications which it might be possible to introduce in regulations under Asiatic  Registration Act.

1907

May

4

Gandhi spoke at  meeting presenting address to Alexander ex-Superintendent of Police, Durban.

1907

May

6

Addressed Natal Indian  Congress meeting bidding farewell to Omar Haji Amod Zaveri. At another meeting advised  boycott of Permit Office.

1907

May

7

Interviewed by The  Natal Mercury.

1907

 

 

Attended farewell  dinner to O.H.A. Zaveri.

1907

 

 

Churchill informed  Commons of General Botha’s assurance that regulations under Asiatic Registration Act  would be revised with a view to removing, as far as possible, undesirable conditions.

1907

 

 

Asiatic Registration  Act received Royal assent.

1907

May

10

Gandhi returned to  Johannesburg from Durban.

1907

May

Before 11

Met editor of The  Star.

1907

May

11

Addressed Committee of  British Indian Association on existing situation.

1907

 

 

Wrote to The Star criticizing its suggestion that Indians opposing Registration Act be deported.

1907

May

26

Addressed Chinese  Association meeting on anti-Asiatic laws.

1907

May

30

Wrote to The Star appealing  to colonists not to enforce Registration Act and to accept voluntary registration by  Indians.

1907

June

1

Gandhi attended  meeting of British Indian Association which decided to send deputation to Prime Minister,  General Botha, to urge acceptance of compromise proposal.

1907

June

4

Botha declined to meet  deputation.

1907

June

6

Secretary of State for  India, John Morley, indicated in Commons nature of proposed constitutional reforms in  India.

1907

June

8

Transvaal Government  Gazette announced Royal assent to Asiatic Registration Act.

1907

June

14

Second session of  Transvaal Parliament commenced.

1907

June

28

Gandhi, in interview  to Rand Daily Mail, declared determination of Indians not to submit to Act.

1907

June

29

Spoke at Indian  meeting in Volksrust to protest against Act.

1907

June

30

Addressed Indian  meeting at Pretoria on implications of Act.

1907

July

1

Act enforced in  Pretoria. First permit office opened. Indians notified to register within month. Campaign  against registration started.

1907

 

 

Gandhi addressed mass  meeting; wrote to Rand Daily Mail that Indians in Pretoria would not submit to  compulsory re-registration irrespective of consequences.

1907

July

2

Spoke at Volksrust  meeting which resolved to adhere to goal resolution.

1907

July

3

Immigration  Restriction Bill published.

1907

July

4

Gandhi wrote to The Star condemning Immigration Bill.

1907

July

6

Wrote to Rand  Daily Mail that Indians would rather sacrifice everything than submit to Act.

1907

July

7

Spoke at meeting in  Pretoria.

1907

July

8

Transvaal Registration  Bill granted Return by Commons.

1907

July

9

British Indian  Association submitted petition to Transvaal Legislative Assembly regarding Immigration  Restriction Bill.

1907

July

14

Gandhi addressed  meeting of Hamidia Islamic Society at Johannesburg calling upon Indians not to submit to  compulsory re-registration.

1907

July

15

Addressed meeting of  Transvaal Football Association.

1907

July

16

Spoke at meeting of  Indian merchants at Pretoria.

1907

July

20

Appealed for funds in  aid of Transvaal struggle at meeting of Natal Indian Congress in Durban.

1907

July

22

British Indian  Association submitted petition to Transvaal Legislative Council regarding Immigration  Restriction Bill.

1907

July

24

Gandhi arrived at  Pretoria; called at Khamisa’s shop where applications for registration were being  received secretly at night.

1907

July

25

On question as to  General Botha’s assurance to Secretary of State for Colonies regarding administration  of Asiatic Act, it was stated in Commons that no effort would be spared to make  application and operation of Act as little irksome as possible and that fingerprint  system would be retained.

1907

July

27

British Indian  Association wrote to Colonial Secretary refusing intimidation charge against Indians.

1907

July

28

Indian meeting held in  Hamidia Islamic Society Hall, Johannesburg.

1907

 

 

Hartal observed in  Transvaal.

1907

July

30

In India, editor of Hindustan sentenced to five years’ rigorous imprisonment.

1907

July

31

Gandhi met William  Hosken in morning; addressed Pretoria mass meeting; took sole responsibility for advising  Indians to oppose law and explained significance of passive resistance. Warned them of  dangers of submission to Act.

1907

August

Before 5

Permit Office moved on  to Pietersburg.

1907

August

7

In India, anniversary  of Swadeshi movement observed; 20,000 Indians at meeting decided to continue  boycott against Bengal’s partition until it was withdrawn or modified.

1907

August

8

Gandhi wrote to  General Smuts suggesting amendments to Asiatic Act.

1907

August

11

Spoke at meeting of  Hamidia Islamic Society.

1907

August

14

Appeared on behalf of  Suleman Wadi charged with selling liquor to Natives.

1907

August

15

Wrote to General Smuts  that result of compliance with Act would be worse than noncompliance for Indians.

1907

August

17

Released for  publication correspondence with General Smuts.

1907

August

19

Wrote to The Star regarding proposal submitted to General Smuts.

1907

August

21

Spoke at meeting of  Hamidia Islamic Society.

1907

August

23

British Indian  Association addressed petition to Secretary of State for Colonies.

1907

August

Before 24

Permit Office  functioned at Potchefstroom and Klerksdrop.

1907

August

Before 31

Permit Office visited  Nylstroom and Rustenburg.

1907

August

31

Gandhi and others gave  sendoff to H.O. Ally and family who left Transvaal as they did not wish to submit to Act.

1907

September

4

Natal Indian Congress  cabled birthday felicitations to Dadabhai Naoroji.

1907

 

 

Gandhi spoke on Indian  struggle at meeting of Natal Indian Congress at Durban.

1907

September

Before 7

Attended birth  anniversary celebrations of Lord Krishna organized by Sanatan Veda Dharma Sabha,  Germiston.

1907

September

11

Wrote to Registrar of  Asiatic regarding Indians detained at Komatipoort.

1907

September

17

Permit Office moved on  to Boksburg.

1907

September

Before 22

Gandhi addressed  Hamidia Islamic Society meeting.

1907

September

24

Permit Office moved on  to Germiston.

1907

September

29

Gandhi spoke at  meetings of Hamidia Islamic Society and Chinese Association.

1907

October

6

Addressing meeting of  British Indian Association, said he would defend arrested pickets.

1907

October

9

Wrote to Rand  Daily Mail.

1907

October

13

Attended meeting of  Hamidia Islamic Society.

1907

October

14

Was met by Haloo, who  regretted having applied for registration.

1907

October

15

Repudiated in court  charge of intimidation against pickets and wrote to Commissioner of Police.

1907

October

17

In India, anniversary  of Bengal’s partition observed as day of mourning.

1907

October

18

Gandhi wrote to The  Star refuting intimidation charge.

1907

October

20

Attended meetings of  Hamidia Islamic Society and South Indians.

1907

October

23

Addressed meetings of  British Indian Association and Anti-Indian-Law Fund.

1907

October

24

Wrote to The Star regarding Asiatic Registration Act.

1907

October

27

Met Commissioner of  Police, Johannesburg, regarding picketing.

1907

 

 

At meeting of Hamidia  Islamic Society, reported on interview with Police Commissioner.

1907

 

 

Met Mahomed  Shahboodeen who had been assaulted by Mahomedan priest.

1907

October

29

In India, Bipin  Chandra Pal sentenced to six months’ imprisonment for refusing to give evidence in  sedition case against Aurobindo Ghosh.

1907

November

1

British Indian  Association forwarded Monster Petition signed by 4,522 Indians to Colonial Secretary.

1907

 

 

Gandhi wrote to The Transvaal Leader regarding registration of Indians.

1907

November

9

At Caxton Hall,  London, meeting of Mahomedans protested against treatment of Indians in Transvaal.

1907

November

11

Gandhi appeared in  defense of Ram Sundar Pundit, first Indian arrested at Germiston.

1907

 

 

Spoke at meeting of  Indians held after Pundit’s release.

1907

 

 

Gave interview to The Transvaal Leader.

1907

November

13

Addressed Hamidia  Islamic Society meeting

1907

November

14

Appeared at Germiston  in trial of Ram Sundar Pundit who was sentenced to month’s imprisonment.

1907

 

 

Hartal observed in  Transvaal.

1907

November

15

Gandhi appeared in  trial of pickets at Pretoria; wrote to Indian Opinion regarding Ram Sundar  Pundit.

1907

November

17

Met Ram Sundar Pundit  in Johannesburg goal; spoke at meeting of Hamidia Islamic Society.

1907

November

18

In India, Lala Lajpat  Rai released.

1907

November

19

Gandhi appeared in  trial of Mahomed Shah and others at Germiston.

1907

November

21

Sent Ramayana and Gita to Manilal Gandhi.

1907

November

22

Wrote to G.K. Gokhale  suggesting "Hindu-Muslim compact" to be made special feature of forthcoming  session of Indian National Congress.

1907

November

24

Spoke at meeting of  Hamidia Islamic Society.

1907

 

 

Meeting of Konkanis  held in Society hall.

1907

November

27

Gandhi spoke at  meeting of Chinese Association.

1907

November

30

Last date for  registration; only 511 out of 13,000 Indians registered.

1907

 

 

During month struggle  designated "Satyagraha" for first time.

1907

December

1

Gandhi met Ram Sundar  Pundit in goal.

1907

December

3

Received message from  William Hosken that he should approach High Commissioner regarding Asiatic Law Amendment  Act. Writing to High Commissioner, suggested appointment of judge to investigate charge of  surreptitious entry by Indians.